Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 March 2019, week 10
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period from 3-9 March 2019 and includes updates on Leishmaniasis and Zika virus disease, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), measles, Ebola virus disease, influenza, Rift Valley fever and mass gathering for Carnival in Brazil.
Field sampling methods for mosquitoes, sandflies, biting midges and ticks
This report of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was produced by the VectorNet project (European network for sharing data on the geographic distribution of arthropod vectors transmitting human and animal disease agents).
Preventing vector-borne diseases in Europe: VectorNet issues the first protocols for vector sampling
Vector sampling protocols outlining the recommended methods for collecting vectors have been issued today by ECDC and EFSA, to support entomologists and public-health professionals in Europe. It is a first attempt to summarise best-practices in terms of methods and strategies for sampling mosquitoes, sandflies, biting midges and ticks.
Low seroprevalence of sandfly fever Sicilian virus antibodies in humans, Marseille, FranceArchived
A seroprevalence study was carried out in the region of Marseille (south-eastern France) to address the public health importance of sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV) and SFSV-like viruses, as recently recognized vectors of those viruses are present in this area.
First surveys to investigate the presence of canine leishmaniasis and its Phlebotomine vectors in HungaryArchived
Hungary is regarded as free of leishmaniasis because only a few imported cases have been reported. However, southern Hungary has a sub-Mediterranean climate, and so it was included in the EU FP6 EDEN project, which aimed to map the northern limits of canine leishmaniasis (CanL) in Europe.
Distribution of Leishmania major zymodemes in relation to populations of Phlebotomus papatasi sand fliesArchived
Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the main vector of Leishmania major Yakimoff & Schokhor (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Old World.
Canine leishmaniasis surveillance in a northern Italy kennelArchived
The presence of the disease was shown in the canine population for the first time in 2007 by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). The parasite circulation was confirmed also by direct diagnostic tools, as PCR, cytology and cultural method, performed on different bioptic materials.
Spatial distribution of phlebotomine sand flies in the Aydin Mountains and surroundings: the main focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in western TurkeyArchived
An entomological survey was conducted to determine the spatial distribution of phlebotomine fauna and understand the effect of environmental factors.
Efficacy of commercial mosquito traps in capturing phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in EgyptArchived
Four types of commercial mosquito control traps, the Mosquito Magnet Pro (MMP), the Sentinel 360 (S360), the BG-Sentinel (BGS), and the Mega-Catch Ultra (MCU), were compared with a standard Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light trap for efficacy in collecting phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a small farming village in the Nile River Valley 10 km north of Aswan, Egypt.