Disease factsheet about rubella
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.
Prevention and control measures for congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)
Congenital rubella syndrome is prevented by ensuring that everyone in the EU is vaccinated against rubella. In particular, women who are planning to get pregnant should be vaccinated as this protects the mother as well as the foetus.
European Immunization Week 2008 - time for reflection.
Kreidl, P., Gomes, H., Lopalco, P.L., Hagmaier, K., Pastore, Celentano, L., Vasconcelos, P., Yilmaz, C.
Surveillance of congenital rubella and rubella infections in pregnancy in EU/EEA countries, 2012: Current status and future perspective to monitor elimination
Giambi, C., Montaño-Remacha, C., Celentano, L.P., Derrough, T.
Infographic: Protect unborn babies from rubella
Rubella is a viral infection transmitted from person to person by droplets via coughs and sneezes. In healthy individuals it is usually a mild disease. Up to 50 % of individuals infected with rubella may not show symptoms. However, if a woman gets rubella shortly before getting pregnant or during the first three months of pregnancy, it is very likely to result in miscarriage or congenital anomalies known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).