New tool is launched for infectious disease modelling linked to environmental changes
Environmental change, land-use, globalisation, and socio-economic contexts are all widely recognised to affect the transmission patterns of infectious diseases. ECDC has developed a tool - the E3 Geoportal - in order to promote and facilitate geospatial infectious disease modelling in Europe.
Assessing the potential impacts of climate change on food- and waterborne diseases in Europe
After a structured and systematic review of published literature on food- and waterborne pathogens and how they are influenced by meteorological and climate variables, a team of scientists from the University of Bonn developed a computerised interface to access the findings of this literature review.
Environmental Change and Infectious Disease - Workshop
Climatic factors such as absolute humidity have been associated with risk of lower respiratory tract infection. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important viral respiratory pathogens especially for infants.
Climatic factors influence the growth and survival of pathogens, as well as transmission pathways. Higher ambient temperatures increase replication cycles of food-borne pathogens, and prolonged seasons may augment the opportunity for food handling mistakes - in 32% of investigated food-borne outbreaks in Europe “temperature misuse” is considered a contributing factor.
Rodents are reservoirs of a number of human diseases. Rodents can act as both intermediate infected hosts or as hosts for arthropod vectors such as fleas and ticks.
Climate change in Europe
Relationship between climate change and infectious diseases