Facts about tickborne relapsing fever
Tickborne relapsing fever (TBRF) is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected soft ticks. The disease is characterised by relapsing or recurring episodes of fever, often accompanied by headache, muscle and joint aches and nausea.
TBE Key risk areas: TBE average annual incidence rate per 100 000 inhabitants in the EU/EFTA at lower administrative level NUTS 2 (Italy) or NUTS 3
The key risk areas for TBE are located in central and eastern Europe and the Baltic and Nordic countries.
TBE Key risk groups: Number of TBE cases, regardless of the applied case definition, by age group and gender reported in 16 EU/EFTA countries, 2000–2010 (n= 22 378)
In Europe, TBE cases occurred more commonly among men than women and the number of reported cases increased with age.
TBE Cases by year: Number of TBE cases, regardless of the applied case definition, by year reported in 16 EU/EFTA countries, 2000–2010 (n= 29 381)
During the 2000–2010 period, the overall number of reported TBE cases (all case definitions combined) stayed relatively stable, with notable increases in 2003, 2006 and 2009–2010. The Czech Republic reported 25% of all reported cases, Lithuania 15%, Latvia and Germany 11% each and Slovenia 10%.