Rapid risk assessment: Update on autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece
The ECDC risk, as assessed on 23 August 2011, remains unchanged. The main risk is to persons residing in, visiting and working in the affected areas of Greece, particularly Evrotas in Lakonia. The risk for further extension of malaria transmission into the EU as a result of this event is considered low at present. EU national blood competent authorities should be considering whether to implement deferral measures for persons returning from these specific affected areas in Greece, taking into consideration measures currently implemented by the Greek blood safety authorities and after a considered risk assessment in collaboration with their national public health authorities.
Communicable disease threats report, 24-30 June, week 26
Malaria - Annual Epidemiological Report 2016 [2014 data]
In 2014, 6 017 confirmed malaria cases were reported to ECDC; almost all of the cases (for which travel information was provided) were travel related.
Communicable disease threats report, 12-18 August 2012, week 33
Communicable disease threats report, 26 Aug - 1 Sep, week 35
Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 September, week 37
Facts about malaria
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. During the 20th century, malaria was eradicated from many temperate areas, including the whole of the EU. As a result, the disease is now essentially limited to tropical countries. Due to the large number of imported cases in Europe, malaria is mainly a travel medicine issue.