Rapid Risk Assessment: Cyclone Idai - risk of communicable diseases in southern Africa
Surveillance of infectious diseases in the aftermath of a cyclone is important for the early detection and confirmation of outbreaks. Consideration should be given to setting up a syndromic surveillance alert system if there is a need to reinforce surveillance capacity. Laboratory capacity should be assessed for confirming outbreaks of infectious diseases; if required, a referral mechanism can be established for testing samples of epidemic-prone diseases.
Zika virus transmission worldwide
Since the epidemic in the Americas peaked in the early spring of 2016, a continuous decline in the number of reported Zika virus disease cases has been observed in the majority of countries throughout the Americas and the Caribbean.
Rapid risk assessment: Rift Valley fever outbreak in Mayotte, France
This rapid risk assessment (RRA) addresses the risk of importation of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus (RVFV) and further spread of the virus within the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in relation to the recent increase in cases reported on Mayotte, France.
Rapid risk assessment: Local transmission of dengue fever in France and Spain
In early October, nine cases of autochthonous dengue were confirmed in the EU, three in Spain and six in France, in three separate outbreaks. These are the first autochthonous dengue cases in continental EU/EEA Member States that were reported this year.
Rapid risk assessment: Early large increase in West Nile virus infections reported in the EU/EEA and EU neighbouring countries
This rapid risk assessment addresses the public health risk associated with the early occurrence of a large number of West Nile virus infections in the EU/EEA and EU neighbouring countries in 2018.
Rapid risk assessment: Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France
This update of the risk assessment published on 16 April 2018 was triggered by the unusual size and duration of the current dengue fever outbreak driven by Ae. albopictus, a mosquito vector present in Réunion and widely distributed in the southern part of EU.
Rapid risk assessment: Hospital-acquired malaria infections in the European Union
Following the occurrence of several hospital-acquired malaria cases in the European Union (EU), ECDC has assessed the risk related to transmission of the parasite in hospital settings.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, Second update
This publication assesses the risk to EU/EEA countries and citizens associated with the ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil. This is the second update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 25 January 2017 and updated on 13 April 2017.
Rapid risk assessment: Clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in Italy, first update
Italy is currently experiencing four clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in the cities of Anzio, Latina and Rome in the Lazio region, and the city of Guardavalle Marina in the Calabria region.
Rapid risk assessment: Multiple reports of locally-acquired malaria infections in the EU
In the context of five recent events of local malaria transmission in the EU, we assess the risk of malaria spread in the EU.