Rapid risk assessment: Review of the epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union
In the ongoing 2011 West Nile virus transmission season, cases have been reported from newly affected geographical areas
Rapid risk assessment: Update on autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece
The ECDC risk, as assessed on 23 August 2011, remains unchanged. The main risk is to persons residing in, visiting and working in the affected areas of Greece, particularly Evrotas in Lakonia. The risk for further extension of malaria transmission into the EU as a result of this event is considered low at present. EU national blood competent authorities should be considering whether to implement deferral measures for persons returning from these specific affected areas in Greece, taking into consideration measures currently implemented by the Greek blood safety authorities and after a considered risk assessment in collaboration with their national public health authorities.
Risk assessment: Epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union - Update, 13 July 2012
On 7 and 10 July, the Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (KEELPNO) reported the first two human cases of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in Greece this year. When looking at the epidemiology of WNV infection in Greece since 2010, one can observe a progressive geographical expansion of WNV transmission throughout the country. For this reason, these newly confirmed cases in Athens do not come unexpected.
A network strategy to advance public health in Europe
Semenza, J.C., Apfel, F., Rose, T., Giesecke, J.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Cluster of autochthonous chikungunya cases in France
This rapid risk assessment has been produced In the context of a cluster of four confirmed cases and one probable locally-acquired case of chikungunya in Var department, in southern France.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in Italy
Two related clusters involving autochthonous transmission of chikungunya virus have been detected in the cities of Anzio and Rome. This rapid risk assessment provides detailed event background information and assesses the threat for the European Union.
Rapid risk assessment: Multiple reports of locally-acquired malaria infections in the EU
In the context of five recent events of local malaria transmission in the EU, we assess the risk of malaria spread in the EU.
Rapid risk assessment: Clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in Italy, first update
Italy is currently experiencing four clusters of autochthonous chikungunya cases in the cities of Anzio, Latina and Rome in the Lazio region, and the city of Guardavalle Marina in the Calabria region.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, Second update
This publication assesses the risk to EU/EEA countries and citizens associated with the ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil. This is the second update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 25 January 2017 and updated on 13 April 2017.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, Third update.
In September 2017, the Ministry of Health in Brazil declared the end of the 2016–2017 yellow fever outbreak in the country. The upsurge of human cases since December 2017 and the continuous non-human primate epizootics since September 2017 indicate a continued or resumed increase in yellow fever virus circulation in Brazil. Since January 2018, most of the yellow fever cases have been reported from São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states.