Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2012/13 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)
ECDC has produced an annual risk assessment of the seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe since the 2010/11 season following the model developed by ECDC during the 2009 pandemic. It gives an early description of the influenza season in the countries affected earliest, providing guidance and information to countries that are affected later, as influenza progresses across Europe over several months. It describes any specifics of the season, particularly in areas where public health or clinical actions are envisaged, as well as highlights areas of uncertainty where further work is required.
Scientific opinion on the possible risks posed by the influenza A (H3N2v) virus for animal health and its potential spread and implications for animal and human health
Swine are an important host in influenza virus ecology since they are susceptible to infections with both avian and human influenza A viruses.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
This eighth update of the rapid risk assessment of the MERS-CoV outbreak is intended to provide expert opinion on the risk for Europe with regards to the probable case of MERS reported by Spain on 5 November.
Avian influenza A/H5N1: Collected risk assessments, technical guidance to public health authorities and advice to the general public
The document determines the risk to human health in Europe from highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in birds and animals and identifies areas requiring additional scientific and public health work both as single pieces of work and for risk monitoring by ECDC and its partners.
Risk assessment: The Public Health Risk from Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses Emerging in Europe with Specific Reference to type A/H5N1
The document characterises the risk to human health in Europe from highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in birds and animals. The report identifies areas requiring additional scientific and public health work both as single pieces of work and for risk monitoring by ECDC and its partners.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2013–2014 in the EU/EEA countries
This document is a routine and planned risk assessment of the 2013-2014 seasonal influenza in EU/EEA countries. Active circulation of influenza has started late in Europe in the 2013-2014 season, with a different timing across EU/EEA countries, states the annual ECDC risk assessment on seasonal influenza.
Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Eleventh update, 21 August 2014
This eleventh updated rapid risk assessment on MERS-CoV shows that the number of cases has been steadily declining in the last few months.
Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus - 12th update, 16 October 2014
The risk to the EU posed by the outbreak of MERS-CoV remains low. The latest importation to the EU is not unexpected and does not indicate a significant change in the epidemiology of the disease.
Mid-season risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2015–2016 in the EU/EEA countries
This risk assessment summarises the development of the 2015–16 influenza season, which so far has been characterised by a prevalence of type A viruses.
Risk assessment of seasonal influenza, EU/EEA, 2016/2017, 24 December 2016
Early-season risk assessment for EU/EEA countries to inform national public health authorities of the key attributes of the ongoing influenza season.