Zoonotic influenza - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
No human cases of avian influenza were reported in the EU/EEA. Only two human A(H7N9) infections were reported from China, a significant decrease compared with 2017. Sporadic human cases of avian influenza A(H5N6) and A(H9N2) were reported from China. In 2018, outbreaks and detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses such as A(H5N1), A(H5N2), AH(H5N5), A(H5N6) or A(H5N8) continued to affect poultry and wild and captured birds worldwide, but on a lower scale than in 2017. Influenza viruses A(H1N2)v and A(H3N2)v of swine origin caused human cases in Australia and the United States.
Influenza virus characterisation, March 2019
This is the fifth report for the 2018–19 influenza season. As of week 14 in 2019, 197 027 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported. Detections were 99.1% type A viruses, with A(H1N1)pdm09 prevailing over A(H3N2), and 0.9% type B viruses, with 72 (67%) of 108 ascribed to a B/Yamagata-lineage.
Surveillance report: Avian influenza overview November 2018 - February 2019
Between 16 November 2018 and 15 February 2019, two HPAI A(H5N8) outbreaks in poultry establishments in Bulgaria, two HPAI A(H5N6) outbreaks in wild birds in Denmark and one low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H5N3) in captive birds in the Netherlands were reported in the EU. No human infections due to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N8) or A(H5N6) viruses have been reported so far and the risk of zoonotic transmission to the general public in Europe is considered very low.