ECDC press release: Seasonal influenza transmission in Europe
Today ECDC publishes its risk assessment on the 2012/13 seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe. Epidemics started earlier than in the previous season and western Europe and Scandinavia were the first affected areas.
ECDC Forward look risk assessment (Update 28 October 2010): Likely scenarios and uncertainties in the 2010/2011 influenza season in Europe and beyond
Likely scenarios and uncertainties in the 2010/2011 influenza season in Europe and beyond.
Annual epidemiological report 2011 [2009 data]
Reporting on 2009 surveillance data and 2010 epidemic intelligence data
- Antimicrobial resistance
- Avian influenza virus
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Healthcare-associated infections
- HIV infection
- Influenza in humans, avian origin
- Influenza in humans, seasonal
- Respiratory diseases
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Viral hepatitis
The clinical surveillance of influenza in the European Influenza Surveillance Network (EISN) is generally based on reports made by sentinel general practitioners. Some of the sentinel surveillance systems also include paediatricians and physicians with other specialisations. The physicians usually represent 1-5% of physicians working in the country or region.
Indicators of influenza activity
The levels of influenza activity in European countries reported by EISN members during the influenza season are based on three assessments: An indicator of the overall intensity of influenza activity in the country, An indicator of the geographical spread of influenza in the country, An indicator of trend in ILI/ARI sentinel consultations in the country compared to the previous week.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2011–2012 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)
ECDC produces an annual risk assessment for the seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe. This is following both a recommendation in the report on the handling of the 2009 pandemic adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2011 and the model developed by ECDC during that pandemic. The first EU seasonal influenza risk assessment was published in January 2011, following the start of the influenza season in late November 2010. In 2012, the season started later than in most years, with the first five countries exceeding their epidemic threshold in week 3/2012.
Molecular surveillance strategy for human influenza in Europe
Surveillance and disease data for zoonotic influenza
Surveillance reports and data: Disease data from ECDC Surveillance Atlas, Annual Epidemiological Reports and Surveillance reports.