Antimicrobial resistance remains high – says EU report
The findings in the latest report on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria from ECDC and EFSA underline the serious threat AMR poses to public and animal health. Infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to antimicrobials lead to about 25 000 deaths in the EU every year.
ECDC country visit to Norway to discuss antimicrobial resistance issues
An ECDC country visit team conducted an assessment mission during the period 12–16 March 2018 to discuss antimicrobial resistance (AMR) issues in Norway. The overall objective of the mission was to provide an observation-based assessment of the situation in Norway regarding prevention and control of AMR through prudent use of antibiotics and infection control.
Attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life-years caused by infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU and the European Economic Area in 2015: a population-level modelling analysis
Cassini, A., Högberg, L.D., Plachouras, D., Quattrocchi, A., Hoxha, A., Simonsen, G.S., Colomb-Cotinat, M., Kretzschmar, M.E., Devleesschauwer, B., Cecchini, M., Ouakrim, D.A., Oliveira, T.C., Struelens, M.J., Suetens, C., Monnet, D.L., Strauss, R., Mertens, K., Struyf, T., Catry, B., Latour, K., Ivanov, I.N., Dobreva, E.G., Tambic Andraševic, A., Soprek, S., Budimir, A., Paphitou, N., Žemlicková, H., Schytte Olsen, S., Wolff Sönksen, U., Märtin, P., Ivanova, M., Lyytikäinen, O., Jalava, J., Coignard, B., Eckmanns, T., Abu Sin, M., Haller, S., Daikos, G.L., Gikas, A., Tsiodras, S., Kontopidou, F., Tóth, Á., Hajdu, Á., Guólaugsson, Ó., Kristinsson, K.G., Murchan, S., Burns, K., Pezzotti, P., Gagliotti, C., Dumpis, U., Liuimiene, A., Perrin, M., Borg, M.A., de Greeff, S.C., Monen, J.C., Koek, M.B., Elstrøm, P., Zabicka, D., Deptula, A., Hryniewicz, W., Caniça, M., Nogueira, P.J., Fernandes, P.A., Manageiro, V., Popescu, G.A., Serban, R.I., Schréterová, E., Litvová, S., Štefkovicová, M., Kolman, J., Klavs, I., Korošec, A., Aracil, B., Asensio, A., Pérez-Vázquez, M., Billström, H., Larsson, S., Reilly, J.S., Johnson, A., Hopkins, S.
Antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals: results from the second point prevalence survey (PPS) of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use, 2016 to 2017
Plachouras, D., Kärki, T., Hansen, S., Hopkins, S., Lyytikäinen, O., Moro, M.L., Reilly, J., Zarb, P., Zingg, W., Kinross, P., Weist, K., Monnet, D.L., Suetens, C., The Point Prevalence Survey Study Group
Healthcare-associated pneumonia in acute care hospitals in European union/European economic area countries: An analysis of data from a point prevalence survey, 2011 to 2012
Walter, J., Haller, S., Quinten, C., Kärki, T., Zacher, B., Eckmanns, T., Abu Sin, M., Plachouras, D., Kinross, P., Suetens, C., Strauss, R., Mertens, K., Dobreva, E., Budimir, A., Hadjiloucas, A., Prattingerová, J., Kristensen, B., Monnet, D.L., Märtin, P., Lyytikäinen, O., Giard, M., Piening, B., Kritsotakis, E.I., Kurcz, A., Gudlaugsson, Ó., Burns, K., Moro, M.L., Dumpis, U., Ašembergienė, J., Heisbourg, E., Xuereb, D., Hopmans, T., Sorknes, N.K., Deptuła, A., Paiva, J.-A., Serban, R., Litvová, S., Kolman, J., Lozano, J., Struwe, J., Hopkins, S., Doherty, L., Reilly, J.S., Harrison, W.
Prevalence of healthcare-associated infections, estimated incidence and composite antimicrobial resistance index in acute care hospitals and long-term care facilities: results from two European point prevalence surveys, 2016 to 2017
Suetens, C., Latour, K., Kärki, T., Ricchizzi, E., Kinross, P., Moro, M.L., Jans, B., Hopkins, S., Hansen, S., Lyytikäinen, O., Reilly, J., Deptula, A., Zingg, W., Plachouras, D., Monnet, D.L., The Healthcare-Associated Infections Prevalence Study Group
The European Union summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2015
European Union summary report based on data on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria in 2015, submitted by 28 EU Member States (MSs), jointly analysed by EFSA and ECDC.
Imported methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, SwedenArchived
The authors analyzed data on 444 imported cases of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Sweden during the period 2000-2003. The risk for MRSA carriage or infection in returning travellers ranged from 0.1 per million travellers returning from Nordic countries to 59.4 per million travellers returning from North Africa and the Middle East.
Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus infections in returning travelersArchived
The authors present data on 15 individuals infected by Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) -producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Intra-familial spread was documented in one case, and occupational transmission was most likely in another case. spa typing of the strains revealed a broad range of variants, though some strains were clonally related. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was found in three cases.
Country-to-country transfer of patients and the risk of multi-resistant bacterial infectionArchived
This review outlines how increasing modalities of travel, such as aeromedical evacuation of civilians and of military personnel, medical tourism and any shared healthcare across countries, are risks for the transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms via the patient, from country to country.