Rapid risk assessment: Acute encephalitis associated with infection with Borna disease virus 1, Germany
Borna disease virus 1 (BoDV-1) has been associated with human disease in four cases in Germany resulting in the death of three people. As three of the cases belong to a cluster of solid organ recipients from a single donor, donor-derived BoDV-1 transmission is possible. There is no evidence that the donor had any clinical manifestation of the disease.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease