Tularaemia - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
For 2017, 447 cases of tularaemia were reported by 18 countries in the EU/EEA, 413 (92%) of which were confirmed. As in previous years, the proportion of cases among males was higher in all age groups, with a male-to-female ratio of 2.1:1. Notification rates in men and women increased with age (except for the age group ≥65 years). The highest rate was observed in men in the age group 45–64 years (0.2 cases per 100 000 population).
Congenital toxoplasmosis – Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
In 2016, 242 confirmed cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were reported in the EU/EEA, with France accounting for 81% of all confirmed cases due to the active screening of pregnant women. The notification rate was 6.7 cases per 100 000 live births. No seasonal pattern was observed for the disease.
Brucellosis – Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 381 confirmed brucellosis cases were reported in the EU/EEA. The notification rate in the EU/EEA was 0.09 cases per 100 000 population. The highest rates were reported in southern EU Member States (Greece, Italy and Portugal). The highest rate was observed in 25–44-year-old males (0.16 per 100 000). The notification rate was stable from 2013–2017 in the EU/EEA.
Giardiasis (lambliasis) - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 19 437 confirmed giardiasis cases were reported in the EU/EEA.
Zoonotic influenza - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
No human cases of avian influenza were reported in the EU/EEA. Only two human A(H7N9) infections were reported from China, a significant decrease compared with 2017. Sporadic human cases of avian influenza A(H5N6) and A(H9N2) were reported from China. In 2018, outbreaks and detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses such as A(H5N1), A(H5N2), AH(H5N5), A(H5N6) or A(H5N8) continued to affect poultry and wild and captured birds worldwide, but on a lower scale than in 2017. Influenza viruses A(H1N2)v and A(H3N2)v of swine origin caused human cases in Australia and the United States.
Surveillance report: Avian influenza overview November 2018 - February 2019
Between 16 November 2018 and 15 February 2019, two HPAI A(H5N8) outbreaks in poultry establishments in Bulgaria, two HPAI A(H5N6) outbreaks in wild birds in Denmark and one low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H5N3) in captive birds in the Netherlands were reported in the EU. No human infections due to highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N8) or A(H5N6) viruses have been reported so far and the risk of zoonotic transmission to the general public in Europe is considered very low.
Salmonellosis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
Salmonellosis is the second most commonly reported gastrointestinal infection and an important cause of foodborne outbreaks in the EU/EEA.
Creutzfeldt−Jakob disease - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
Two cases of variant Creutzfeldt−Jakob disease (vCJD) were identified in the EU/EEA in 2016: one probable case from Italy and one confirmed case from the UK.
Trichinellosis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
Trichinellosis is a rare but serious disease in the EU/EEA. In 2016, 13 EU/EEA countries reported 101 confirmed cases.