Scientific advice on diphtheria
On specific request from Member States or the European Commission, ECDC convenes scientific panels to provide guidance for policymakers in the area of public health. These panels analyse the available evidence on a particular question in order to help European Union (EU) Member States to make policy choices. They highlight the issues that need to be considered and provide a list of policy options for each of these.
Rapid risk assessment: A case of diphtheria in Spain, 15 June 2015
The detection, management and public health response to the first case of diphtheria in Spain in nearly 30 years has highlighted challenges for preparedness against diphtheria in the European Union.
Rapid risk assessment: Cutaneous diphtheria among recently arrived refugees and asylum-seekers in the EU, 31 July 2015
This rapid risk assessment concludes that there is currently no indication that these cases represent a significant outbreak of diphtheria among refugees in Europe.
Rapid risk assessment: A fatal case of diphtheria in Belgium, 30 March 2016
This rapid risk assessment describes the epidemiological situation of diphtheria surrounding this case of toxigenic respiratory diphtheria reported in Belgium.
Expert opinion on childhood immunisation schedule: Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccination
Current childhood vaccination schedules are the result of historical tradition, compliance with provision of health services and national vaccine registration. They have been designed on the basis of different needs related to how the healthcare system – but also the education system – is organised at national level.