Epidemiological update: H3N2v cases in Ohio, US, 4 September 2014
In August 2014, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported two laboratory-confirmed human infections with a A(H3N2) variant influenza virus of swine origin A(H3N2)v in Ohio, USA.
Treatment as prevention: U.S. CDC introduces clinical guidance on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published clinical practice guidelines on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV. In EU, most countries lack implementation data and formal licensure and guidelines.
US CDC report on antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013
Antimicrobial resistance represent a serious threat to public health and patient safety and is a worldwide problem. Each year, in the European Union (EU) at least 25 000 patients die of infections with multidrug-resistant bacteria.
Pertactin-Negative Variants of Bordetella pertussis in the United States
This letter to the editor raises the issue of the adaptation of B. pertussis to vaccine selection pressure as one of the reasons for the increase number of cases of whooping cough reported in several countries.
Epidemiological update: 2012 West Nile virus outbreak in the USA, 30 August 2012Archived
As of 28 August 2012, 1 590 human cases of West Nile virus disease have been reported in the United States of America. Of these, 889 (56%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease.
Epi update: Increase in number of human cases of variant influenza A(H3N2)v virus infection in the United StatesArchived
Since July 2011, 155 cases of the variant influenza A(H3N2) virus (A(H3N2)v) have been detected in the US: Hawaii (1), Indiana (113), Iowa (3), Maine (2), Ohio (30), Pennsylvania (3), Utah (1), and West Virginia (2). Most cases reported in Indiana and Ohio are recent cases. No human to human transmission has been determined among these recent cases.
Cross-species avian influenza among mammalians - report of fatal avian influenza in New England harbour sealsArchived
This academic article describes virological findings and pathological consequences of a strain of influenza A(H3N8) recently identified as part of the investigations of an outbreak of pneumonia among harbour seals in New England in the autumn.
Influenza A (H3N2)v Virus in Humans and Swine in the United States – an updateArchived
A report in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) MMWR this week describes the investigation of mild respiratory illness among swine and people at a county fair in Indiana, USA between 8 and 14 July 2012. This is an important report as it is very clearly documents simultaneous detection of H3N2v influenza viruses in humans and swine in close contact.
Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 patterns across the globe: findings in Australia (season 2011) and United States (season 2010-11)Archived
In this letter the authors describe being able to identified a sustained community transmission of oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses in Australia