Epidemiological update: Polio virus in sewage and human faecal samples in Israel, August 2013
In May 2013, Israel announced the detection of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in the south of the country (1). As reported until mid-August, during the routine monitoring of sewage samples the virus had been found in 67 sewage samples from 24 sampling sites since February 2013.
Epidemiological update: Polio in Israel, 14 October 2013
As of 3 October, wild-type poliovirus 1 (WPV1) was still being isolated in wastewater treatment plants across the country with some areas indicating an inconsistent or discontinued detection. However, no new sites in Israel with WPV1 in sewage were detected since the start of the bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) immunisation campaign, according to personal communication from the Ministry of Health in Israel.
Epidemiological update: Suspected polio cases in Syria confirmed by WHO, 30 October 2013
Ten of the 22 acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases in the Syrian Arab Republic suspected of being caused by wild poliovirus have been confirmed as wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with a novel coronavirus
New and noteworthy in this update: the retrospective identification of novel coronavirus in biological samples from two fatal cases in Jordan (April 2012) and the results of a joint ECDC/WHO survey which confirms that EU/EEA Member States have an adequate capacity to detect novel coronavirus through their network of national reference laboratories: 18 of 30 in EU/EEA countries are capable of confirming positive screened samples by either ORF1b RT-PCR or other target RT-PCR assays with sequence analysis or whole-genome sequence analysis.
Risk assessment: Wild-type poliovirus 1 transmission in Israel – what is the risk to Europe?
The EU/EEA countries and the rest of the WHO European Region, have been officially polio-free since 2002. However, wild-type polio virus 1 (WPV1) has been isolated in sewage and in the faeces of asymptomatic carriers in Israel since February 2013. In this risk assessment ECDC looks at the potential impact of this public health event on the risk of poliovirus being imported and re-established into circulation in EU/EEA.
Suspected outbreak of poliomyelitis in Syria: Risk of importation and spread of poliovirus in the EU
Following the announcement by WHO of a cluster of cases of acute flaccid paralysis in Syria, ECDC conducted a risk assessment and concludes that this does pose a risk that polio might be imported to the EU. The Risk Assessment includes number of recommendations for EU Member States.
WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region: Influenza updates (EMFLU)
Eastern Mediterranean Flu (EMFLU) is a regional platform for sharing of epidemiological and virological data on influenza in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region.
Communicable disease threats report, 27 October - 2 November 2013, week 44
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 27 October - 2 November 2017, and includes updates on botulism, cholera, dengue, influenza, MERS, polio and West Nile fever.
Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 November 2013, week 45
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 3-9 November 2013, and includes updates on botulism, cholera, influenza, seasonal influenza, MERS, pertussis, polio and West Nile fever.
Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 November 2013, week 46
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 10-16 November 2013, and includes updates on avian influenza, cholera, dengue, influenza, MERS, polio and salmonellosis.