Enhancing community engagement in preparedness: Crucial for ensuring effective response
The importance of involving communities in all the phases of emergency preparedness is highlighted in the new ECDC literature review on ‘Community and institutional preparedness synergies ’.
Assessment of human influenza pandemic scenarios in Europe
Napoli, C., Fabiani, M., Rizzo, C., Barral, M., Oxford, J., Cohen, J.M., Niddam, L., Goryński, P., Pistol, A., Lionis, C., Bri, S., Nicoll, A., Penttinen, P., Gauci, C., Bounekkar, A., Bonnevay, S., Beresniak, A.
Technical mission: HIV, STI and viral hepatitis in Bulgaria. 19-21 September 2016 and 14-15 November 2016
The Ministry of Health in Bulgaria invited ECDC to prepare an assessment of the current national HIV programme and to review the STI and Hepatitis surveillance system. Following discussions between ECDC and representatives of the Bulgarian national programme, it was decided to split the assessment into two separate country missions.
Factsheet about seasonal influenza
Influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.
World AIDS Day 2017
One in 2 people living with HIV are diagnosed late in the course of their infection. So late, that two out of three people with AIDS in the EU/EEA receive their diagnosis within only three months of discovering they had HIV. For World AIDS Day 2017, ECDC highlighted the problem of late diagnosis and the need for diversifying HIV testing approaches.
Expert consultation meeting on West Nile virus maps
The European public health and blood authorities responded to the threat posed by West Nile virus to blood safety of blood and blood components by adopting preventive measures which are defined in the EU blood legislation, professional guides of the Council of Europe and the EU WNV blood transfusion preparedness plan. The measures include the deferral of blood donors that have visited or residing in a NUTS 3 area considered to be affected (i.e. with at least one confirmed case).
ECDC: first detected cases of extensively drug-resistant gonorrhoea threaten future treatment
Within a matter of weeks, three cases of gonorrhoea that are resistant to the recommended first line antibiotic treatment have been detected in Europe and Australia. These are the first global reports of Neisseria gonorrhoeae with high-level resistance to azithromycin and ceftriaxone resistance that also show resistance to several other vital antibiotics. At a time with limited alternatives to the current dual therapy, lack of a vaccine and insufficient surveillance capacity in some regions, these cases highlight the growing threat of drug-resistance – which could lead to untreatable gonorrhoea.
HEPSA – health emergency preparedness self-assessment tool, User guide
HEPSA is used to evaluate levels of preparedness, identify potential gaps, identify vulnerabilities, and detect areas for improvement – with the goal to strengthen overall preparedness capacities for public health emergencies. This user guide provides basic information on the self-assessment process.