Risk assessment: Situation in northern Africa/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the influx of migrants* to Europe
ECDC, after conducting rapid risk assessments, has concluded that the risk of importation of infectious diseases from North Africa to the EU is considered to be low. From a public health perspective, the most urgent concern is related to the poor living conditions of the migrants, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation.
Joint ECDC and EMCDDA rapid risk assessment: HIV in injecting drug users in the EU/EEA, following a reported increase of cases in Greece and Romania
Most European countries reported no changes in the rate of newly diagnosed cases of HIV or HIV prevalence in IDU in 2011.
Risk of introduction and transmission of wild-type poliovirus in EU/EEA countries following events in Israel and Syria – updated risk assessment (9 December 2013)
The confirmed circulation of wild-type poliovirus (WPV) in Israel and the outbreak of poliomyelitis in Syria mean that there is a high risk the disease will be reintroduced into the EU/EEA.
Environmental suitability of vibrio infections in a warming climate: An early warning system
Semenza, J.C., Trinanes, J., Lohr, W., Sudre, B., Löfdahl, M., Martinez-Urtaza, J., Nichols, G.L., Rocklöv, J.
Impact of infectious diseases on population health using incidence-based disability-adjusted life years (DALYs): Results from the burden of communicable diseases in Europe study, European Union and European economic countries, 2009 to 2013
Cassini, A., Colzani, E., Pini, A., Mangen, M.-J.J., Plass, D., McDonald, S.A., Maringhini, G., van Lier, A., Haagsma, J.A., Havelaar, A.H., Kramarz, P., Kretzschmar, M.E.
The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of hepatitis c screening for migrants in the EU/EEA: A systematic review
Greenaway, C., Makarenko, I., Chakra, C.N.A., Alabdulkarim, B., Christensen, R., Palayew, A., Tran, A., Staub, L., Pareek, M., Meerpohl, J.J., Noori, T., Veldhuijzen, I., Pottie, K., Castelli, F., Morton, R.L.
The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of screening for and vaccination against hepatitis B virus among migrants in the EU/EEA: A systematic review
Myran, D.T., Morton, R., Biggs, B.-A., Veldhuijzen, I., Castelli, F., Tran, A., Staub, L.P., Agbata, E., Rahman, P., Pareek, M., Noori, T., Pottie, K.
Rapid risk assessment: Louse-borne relapsing fever in the Netherlands, 27 July 2015
Following reports from the Netherlands of two cases of louse-borne relapsing fever in asylum seekers coming from Eritrea, ECDC has assessed the risk to Europe.
Rapid risk assessment: Cutaneous diphtheria among recently arrived refugees and asylum-seekers in the EU, 31 July 2015
This rapid risk assessment concludes that there is currently no indication that these cases represent a significant outbreak of diphtheria among refugees in Europe.
Risk of importation and spread of malaria and other vector-borne diseases associated with the arrival of migrants to the EU, 22 October 2015
This rapid risk assessment assesses the specific risk related to importation and spread of vector borne diseases in the context of a large number of migrants to the EU. It does not cover other health needs for these populations.