European Commission: Influenza
Vaccination policy is a competence of national authorities however, the European Commission supports EU countries to coordinate their policies and programmes. To support EU countries in maintaining or increasing rates of vaccination, the EU Commission promotes seasonal flu vaccination to at risk groups.
Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardise capacity to protect people in next pandemic
Influenza vaccination coverage among high-risk groups has dropped in the European Region over the last seven years, and half the countries report a decrease in the number of vaccine doses available.
Protocols for case-control studies to measure influenza vaccine effectiveness in the EU and EEA Member States
This publication presents the core European protocol for a series of proposed influenza vaccine effectiveness studies. The protocol includes a proposed plan for pooled analysis and has recently been adapted to measure vaccine effectiveness for the pandemic vaccine in 2009-10. Together with its twin publication ‘Protocols for cohort database studies to measure influenza vaccine effectiveness in the EU and EEA Member States’, this publication covers all methodological issues in the design and implementation of vaccine effectiveness studies, both for seasonal and the new A(H1N1)v influenza.
Assessing seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness
On 3 December 2015, ECDC hosts a technical meeting to discuss influenza vaccine effectiveness studies and how they can best meet public health needs as well as regulatory requirements.
Influenza vaccine effectiveness: results of the ECDC/I-MOVE studies and other studiesArchived
On the 26 October 2011, The Lancet Infectious Diseases published a systematic review and a meta-analysis, combining the results of several studies undertaken on influenza vaccine effectiveness.
Systematic review and meta-analysis concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines – (part 1)Archived
This is an authoritative independent evidence-based review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccines. It confines itself to trials and observational studies where diagnostic tests confirmed influenza infection as the end point.
Lower than usual: early influenza vaccine effectiveness in parts of Europe in season 2011/12Archived
A rapid communication published on April 12th 2012 describes the early results of the annual multicentre case-control study undertaken by the ECDC sponsored I-MOVE consortium whose work is coordinated by an Epiconcept team
Effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination: Generic study protocols for retrospective case control and cohort studies based on computerised databases
In Europe, routine rotavirus vaccination of infants at the national level has been introduced with one or two vaccine brands in Finland, Austria, Luxembourg and Belgium within well-baby clinics or administered by general practitioners and paediatricians. When introducing a new vaccine, it is crucial to conduct studies evaluating the vaccination’s impact and effectiveness in order to decide on recommendations for its future use.
Flu Awareness Week, 22 – 26 October 2018
The Flu Awareness Week is marked across the WHO European Region every year in October. It aims to raise awareness of the importance of vaccination for people’s health and well-being and to increase the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination of people with underlying risk factors.
Public health guidance: Seasonal influenza vaccination of children and pregnant women
The aim of this guidance document is to provide EU/EEA Member States and EU bodies with relevant information to make an informed decision on routine vaccination of healthy children and pregnant women with seasonal influenza vaccine. The options presented in this document are based on a systematic review of the literature and the opinions of a group of independent experts.