Communicable disease threats report, 16-22 September 2018, week 38
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 16-22 September 2018 and includes updates on leptospirosis, West Nile virus, Ebola virus disease, cholera, monkeypox and Legionnaires' disease.
Zika transmission in South East Asia
The information on current Zika transmission is useful to evaluate the risk for people who have recently returned from or are planning to travel to countries with active local transmission.
Zika transmission in past nine months
Countries and territories worldwide with reported confirmed autochthonous vector-borne transmission of Zika virus infection in the past nine months. The information is provided to aid diagnosis for returning travellers, especially pregnant women
Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 18th update, 30 June 2015
This update was prompted by the epidemic of confirmed MERS cases reported from South Korea in light of an upcoming international sports event (Universiade), as well as the identification of a travel-related MERS case in Thailand.
Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
Since the last epidemiological update on 15 June 2015, 25 additional cases and seven deaths in previously reported cases have been reported in South Korea. Health authorities in Thailand reported their first MERS-CoV case.
Unusual increase in reported cases of paratyphoid A fever among travellers returning from Cambodia
This rapid risk assessment analyses the unusual increase in the number of paratyphoid A infections in EU travellers returning from Cambodia since March 2013 with a possible persistent common source.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Cyclovirus in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with central nervous system infection
This assessment is related to the publication of the identification of a new cyclovirus species, tentatively named cyclovirus-Vietnam (CyCV-VN), in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with acute central nervous system infection. However, there are insufficient data to assess the risk for disease occurrence in humans or potential of human-to-human transmission. Further studies should be encouraged in Europe and elsewhere to investigate the possible pathogenicity, epidemiology, and transmission patterns of cycloviruses.
Epidemiological update: Fatal paediatric infections associated with Enterovirus 71 in Cambodia April-July 2012, and hand, foot and mouth disease in AsiaArchived
From April to early July 2012 an unusual number and pattern of fatalities among young children were reported by Kantha Bopa Children’s Hospital in Cambodia’s capital Phnom Penh. The patients presented with fever, respiratory distress and signs of encephalitis, and most of the children were under 3 years old.
Cambodia: fatal illness in children now linked to enterovirus 71Archived
The Cambodian Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO) are currently investigating a number of cases an undiagnosed illness that has resulted in the deaths of several children in Cambodia in the past 2 months. According to the WHO, the latest laboratory results indicate that “a significant proportion of the samples tested positive for Enterovirus 71 (EV-71), which causes hand foot and mouth disease”.
Cambodia: undiagnosed illness affecting childrenArchived
An outbreak of an undiagnosed illness affecting children has been reported by the Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Cambodia to World Health Organisation (WHO). Out of the 62 children, 61 have died. No apparent clustering of cases or signs of transmission have been reported so far.