Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Niger, 10 October 2016
This rapid risk assessment monitors the threat posed by Rift Valley fever (RVF) which has been reported in regions of eastern and southern Africa, and in most of the sub-Saharan and West African countries.
Epidemiological update: increase in reporting of human cases of A(H5N1) influenza, Egypt, 9 April 2015
Epidemiological update: increase in reporting of human cases of A(H5N1) influenza, Egypt
Rapid risk assessment: Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt - 1st update, 13 March 2015
Human cases and fatalities due to influenza A(H5N1) virus continue to increase in Egypt, with cases from the country now accounting for the highest number of human cases reported worldwide.
Rapid risk assessment: human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt, 23 December 2014
According to a WHO update published on 4 December 2014, eight new human cases of influenza A(H5N1) have been reported in Egypt, with onset of disease in November 2014, bringing the total for 2014 to 12.
Outbreak of hepatitis A virus infection in travellers returning from Egypt
Between 1 November 2012 and 30 April 2013, 15 confirmed cases of hepatitis A virus infections with subgenotype IB and identical RNA sequence, and 89 probable cases, have been reported in 14 EU/EFTA countries. All cases have a travel history to Egypt.
Rapid risk assessment: A(H5N1) Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Egypt – Implications for human health in Europe
Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) infections are continuing to occur in poultry and humans in Egypt. However there is no evidence of a significant change in the pattern of human illness and deaths related to A(H5N1) virus infections in the country. Certainly there are no epidemiological data or analyses consistent with adaptation of these viruses to humans.
Imported methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, SwedenArchived
The authors analyzed data on 444 imported cases of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Sweden during the period 2000-2003. The risk for MRSA carriage or infection in returning travellers ranged from 0.1 per million travellers returning from Nordic countries to 59.4 per million travellers returning from North Africa and the Middle East.
Efficacy of commercial mosquito traps in capturing phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in EgyptArchived
Four types of commercial mosquito control traps, the Mosquito Magnet Pro (MMP), the Sentinel 360 (S360), the BG-Sentinel (BGS), and the Mega-Catch Ultra (MCU), were compared with a standard Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light trap for efficacy in collecting phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a small farming village in the Nile River Valley 10 km north of Aswan, Egypt.
Risk assessment: Situation in northern Africa/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the influx of migrants* to Europe
ECDC, after conducting rapid risk assessments, has concluded that the risk of importation of infectious diseases from North Africa to the EU is considered to be low. From a public health perspective, the most urgent concern is related to the poor living conditions of the migrants, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation.