Evidence-based methodologies for public health
This report explores how methods of evidence-based medicine (EBM) can be applied in public health in the field of infectious diseases. It addresses questions related to giving evidence-based advice in situations where there is little evidence and shortness of time. Moreover, the need for adaptation of EBM tools for a public health setting, the usefulness of existing guideline development tools and the use of consensus methods in a setting of evidence-based public health are also examined in the report, as well as future challenges and research needs.
Scientific advice on type F botulism
This report analyses the availability and effectiveness of different types of antitoxins to neutralise type F botulism. A literature review was performed in consultation with the European Medicines Agency.
Avian influenza A/H5N1: Collected risk assessments, technical guidance to public health authorities and advice to the general public
The document determines the risk to human health in Europe from highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in birds and animals and identifies areas requiring additional scientific and public health work both as single pieces of work and for risk monitoring by ECDC and its partners.
The importance of vector abundance and seasonality
The objective of this document is to assess the degree to which estimates of vector abundance and seasonality, for each vector group, can be used to inform assessments of epidemiological concepts.
Laboratory manual for carbapenem and colistin resistance detection and characterisation for the survey of carbapenem- and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
This protocol is based partly on the laboratory manual developed for the European survey of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (EuSCAPE)
Public consultation on HPV vaccines guidance opens
This guidance covers the following areas in relation to HPV vaccination: efficacy of the nine-valent HPV vaccine, HPV vaccination in people living with HIV and HPV vaccination in males and the cost-effectiveness of extending the HPV vaccination programme to include males.
Options for preparing for gatherings in the EU in the context of the current outbreak of EVD in West Africa
This document outlines preparedness options with respect to gatherings with participants that have had possible exposure to Ebola virus.
Expert Opinion on neuraminidase inhibitors for prevention and treatment of influenza (Feb 2016)
A consultation with European and international public health experts was convened to review data presented in newly conducted systematic reviews and meta-analyses regarding influenza antivirals, in order to develop an ECDC Expert Opinion.
Expert opinion on rotavirus vaccination in infancy: public consultation opens
The final expert opinion on rotavirus vaccination in infancy aims to provide EU/EEA Member States with information to support the decision-making process on the possible introduction of rotavirus vaccination in infancy.