A literature review of Training Needs Assessment (TRNA) methodology
This literature review has been conducted by ECDC as a part of a 18-month project entitled Training Needs Assessment of EU/EEA countries (TRNA) carried out between June 2014 and December 2015.
Vector control with a focus on Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes - Literature review and analysis
The main research question that this literature review aims to answer is: what are the currently recommended vector control measures in Europe against Ae des aegypti and Ae des albopictus (keeping in mind that a combination of methods would certainly be required)?
Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility
This literature review was conducted as part of a project evaluating the effectiveness of antenatal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis and rubella susceptibility in EU/EEA Member States.
Economic evaluations of interventions to prevent healthcare-associated infections – literature review
Each year around 3.2 million patients are infected with healthcare-associated infections following exposure in healthcare facilities across the European Union and a total of 37 000 of them die as a direct consequence.
Effectiveness of behavioural and psychosocial HIV/STI prevention interventions for MSM in Europe
Hepatitis B and C in the EU neighbourhood: prevalence, burden of disease and screening policies
This literature review answers a series of questions on the prevalence of chronic HBV and HCV infection in the general EU population, the number of individuals with chronic HBV or HCV infection, and current national practices for screening for chronic HBV and HCV infection, all with the overarching goal of promoting national and European policies on the secondary prevention of these two diseases.
Literature review on health information-seeking behaviour on the web: a health consumer and health professional perspective
The purpose of this literature review is to provide an overview of online health information-seeking behaviour by adults from the perspective of both the health consumer and the health professional. One of the more surprising findings of the literature review is that 80 percent of physicians reported that patients presented printed internet-sourced health information at visits – a challenge to the traditional doctor–patient relationship.
A literature review of trust and reputation management in communicable disease public health
For public health organisations involved in communicable disease control, trust and reputation management is vital. In the event of a disease outbreak these organisations need to be seen as a credible source and must communicate messages to calm public fears. Yet to date there has been little focus on this issue within health communication.
A rapid evidence review of interventions for improving health literacy
This report presents the outcomes of a rapid review of the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to improve health literacy, with a specific focus on communicable diseases and interventions for disadvantaged populations within the European context.