Preventive measures for infectious diseases
Find out more about prevention and control of vaccine-preventable diseases; guidance, action plans, communication plans and campaigns, vaccination coverage, childhood vaccination etc
Prevention and control of seasonal influenza
Seasonal influenza is a vaccine-preventable disease that each year infects approximately 10 to 30 % of Europe's population, and causes hundreds of thousands of hospitalisations across Europe. Vaccination is the most effective form of influenza prevention. Apart from vaccination and antiviral treatment the public health management includes personal protective measures.
Prevention and control measures for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
Prevention and control of CCHF infection is achieved by avoiding or minimising exposure to infected ticks. Since nosocomial cases of CCHF are quite common and often result in high mortality, strict universal precautions, including barrier nursing, should be taken.
Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’
This document presents a menu of possible public measures to be taken during influenza pandemics, giving public health and scientific information on what is known or can be said about their likely effectiveness, costs (direct and indirect), acceptability, public expectations and other more practical considerations. The ‘ECDC Menu’ aims to help EU Member States and institutions, individually or collectively, decide which measures they will apply.
Interim technical guidance on public health use of influenza antivirals during influenza pandemics
Antiviral drugs are an important addition to the public health arsenal against influenza. This interim guidance discusses the options for their effective use, especially during a pandemic.
Interim technical guidance on use of specific pandemic influenza vaccines during the H1N1 2009 pandemic
This interim guidance outlines the possible strategies that countries may wish to adopt in the deployment of a pandemic-specific vaccine, considering the two objectives of vaccination: protecting those at greatest risk of severe disease and maintaining essential services.
Technical guidance on mitigation and delaying (or ‘containment’)strategies as the new influenza A(H1N1) virus comes into Europe
As epidemics of the new influenza A(H1N1) virus are extending globally, some European countries are considering how robustly to undertake case-finding among the first cases and whether to pursue and treat contacts.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV among MSM in Europe
The results of two clinical studies, PROUD and IPERGAY, suggests that the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for men who have sex with men (MSM) is an effective HIV prevention tool for Europe.