Threats and outbreaks
Ebola outbreak in DRC: risk within Europe remains low
The Ebola virus disease outbreak has been declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern and ECDC has updated the assessment on public health impacts for the EU/EEA.Read the assessment
Measles: check your vaccination status before travelling in the EU
Large outbreaks with fatalities are ongoing in countries that had previously eliminated or interrupted endemic transmission. ECDC monitors the measles outbreaksFind out more
Listeriosis linked to cold-smoked fish
Cold-smoked trout and salmon produced in Estonia is the source of the Listeria monocytogenes outbreak which has affected 22 people in several EU countries since 2014. Five patients have died.ECDC-EFSA risk assessment
New tool for outbreak detection
Public health experts and epidemiologists can use the new tool to detect signals for outbreaks, based on changes in disease incidence. It is available as R package.Install and download
Active threats and outbreaks
Ebola virus disease, DRC, North Kivu and Ituri
The number of cases and affected areas is increasing and it is unlikely that the outbreak will be controlled in the near future. Latest updates
Large outbreaks with fatalities are ongoing in EU countries that had previously eliminated or interrupted endemic transmission. Find out more
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo - sixth update
Epidemiological update: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to Polish eggs
Epidemiological update: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Rapid risk assessment: Regional outbreak of New Delhi metallo-betalactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Italy, 2018–2019
Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes clonal complex 8 infections linked to consumption of cold-smoked fish products
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo – fourth update
ECDC comment: European Commission updates communicable disease surveillance list - Lyme neuroborreliosis now under EU/EEA surveillance
Statement of the Seventeenth IHR Emergency Committee Regarding the International Spread of Poliovirus, 10 May 2018
WHO recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2018-2019 Northern hemisphere season
Threats and outbreaks by disease and country
ECDC monitors current infectious disease outbreaks and assesses the risk to public health in Europe. ECDC experts provides technical support to the EU-level response to such threats.
Interim surveillance case definitions for reporting in EU
During outbreaks, ECDC issues draft interim case definitions for surveillance, to support classifying cases for epidemiological reporting in EU.
ECDC in the field
ECDC supports outbreak investigations through deploying ECDC missions, supporting the EU Med Corps and facilitating national experts participation in WHO and other missions.
ECDC has produced several tools to support and guide outbreak preparedness, investigation and response activities.
Toolkit for investigation and response to food and waterborne disease outbreaks
Series of tools that can be useful during an investigation of a European outbreak.View the toolkit
Epidemic intelligence and outbreak response
ECDC supports the response to infectious disease threats in the EU through rapid risk assessments and filed outbreak missionsRead about ECDC mandate