Infographics by topic
Antibiotic/Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)
Antibiotics: be responsible
The ability of bacteria to resist the action of an antibiotic has become a recognised global problem. Antibiotic resistance severely limits the number of antibiotics available for the treatment of diseases.
HIV and AIDS
Infographic: HIV late Diagnosis - 2017 data
In the EU/EEA, almost every second HIV diagnosis happened at a late stage in 2017. This means diagnosis several years after infection.
In 2007, 49 % of those with a CD4 cell count reported at HIV diagnosis were diagnosed late (several years after infection).
Infographic: HIV and AIDS in Europe 2017
Europe experiences a persistent HIV epidemic, with only little changes in notifications during the last decade in the EU/EEA. One reason for this: an estimated 120 000 Europeans are living with undiagnosed HIV in the EU/EEA, which means that about 1 in 5 (15 %) of those living with HIV are not aware of their status. And it takes around three years from HIV infection to diagnosis.
HIV and AIDS in Europe: Test & protect!
ECDC estimates that 810 000 people are currently living with HIV in the EU/EEA – of which 122 000 (15%) do not know they are infected. Early diagnosis helps to prevent further transmission and lowers the risk of severe health complications.
Infographic: Protect unborn babies from rubella
If a woman gets rubella shortly before getting pregnant or during the first three months of pregnancy, it is very likely to result in miscarriage or congenital anomalies known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).
Weekly influenza update, week 20, May 2018
ECDC and WHO Europe monitors influenza activity in the WHO Europe region during the winter season and publishes weekly reports on the Flu News Europe website. This is the last weekly report of the influenza season 2017-18. During the summer, influenza reports will be provided on a monthly basis and published on 29 June, 3 August, 7 September and 5 October. The weekly reporting of influenza surveillance data will resume on 12 October 2018 for the 2018-19 season.
Weekly influenza update, week 16, April 2018
In collaboration with WHO Regional Office for Europe, ECDC monitors and reports on influenza activity in Europe on a weekly basis throughout the flu season.
Summary of the influenza 2016–2017 season in Europe
The influenza season 2016–2017 has now come to an end in Europe. In week 17/2017, all EU/EEA countries reported low influenza activity and the positivity rate (proportion of influenza virus positives among all tested specimens) falling below the 10% benchmark to 9.9%. For the previous six weeks, almost all EU/EEA countries had reported low influenza activity.
Weekly influenza update, week 13, March/April 2017
Flu News Europe, Joint ECDC–WHO weekly influenza update: In collaboration with WHO Regional Office for Europe, ECDC monitors and reports on influenza activity in Europe on a weekly basis throughout the flu season on Flu News Europe.
Summary of the influenza 2015–2016 season in Europe
The 2015-2016 influenza season has come to an end in Europe, with almost all countries now reporting low influenza activity for a number of weeks. The season started in EU/EEA countries in week 52/2015, with the Netherlands reporting regional spread, while Sweden reported widespread activity. The season lasted for 22 weeks until week 20/2016, when the positivity rate dropped to 11%. The peak of the season - with the highest proportion of specimens tested positive (53%) - occurred in week 11/2016.
Summary of the influenza 2014–2015 season in Europe
Increased influenza activity started in week 51/2014 this season when the percentage of influenza positive laboratory tests crossed the 10% threshold. The season lasted for 21 weeks until week 19/2015, when the positivity rate dropped below 10%. The peak of the season - with the highest proportion of specimens tested positive (55%) - occurred in week 07/2015. The peak varied between countries, occurring in week 04/2015 in Bulgaria and Portugal, and between weeks 05/2015 and 08/2015 in most central European countries.
Summary of the influenza 2013–2014 season in Europe
Active circulation of influenza has started late in Europe in the 2013-2014 season, with a different timing across EU/EEA countries, states the annual ECDC risk assessment on seasonal influenza. The first countries affected have been Bulgaria, Greece, Portugal and Spain, where the A(H1)pdm09 influenza virus has dominated. Without any specific geographic pattern, influenza activity has since spread rapidly across Europe. In Bulgaria, Portugal and Spain, the season peaked in weeks 4 and 5/2014, while influenza activity still continues to increase in Greece.
Summary of the influenza 2012–2013 season in the WHO European region
The 2012–2013 influenza season was of a slightly longer duration than the 2011–2012 season, starting around week 48/2012, peaking around week 5/2013 and lasting until week 16/2013.
Infographic: How do antivirals treat and protect against influenza?
Vaccination is the most effective form of influenza prevention. However antivirals can be useful when the vaccine is less than optimally effective especially to treat patients with severe influenza or those at high risk of the complications of influenza. The ECDC infographic explains how antivirals treat and protect against influenza. The recommendations to treat patients with severe influenza are based on the evidence from randomised controlled trials, observational studies, extrapolation from studies, and a generally benign safety profile of these medicines.
ECDC and WHO Regional Office for Europe Tuberculosis fact sheet 2018
This fact sheet was created in collaboration with WHO Regional office for Europe to provide basic information on tuberculosis ahead of the United Nations High-Level Meeting on Tuberculosis 26th September 2018.
The burden of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB
This infographic shows the burden in the EU of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB based on data from the 2014 surveillance report
Food- and waterborne diseases
Salmonellosis - Just the tip of the iceberg
Salmonella infections are among the most common food-borne infections affecting humans in the EU. However, the reported case numbers are much lower than the actual number of circulating infections.