Infographics by topic

Antibiotic/Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

Data

Antibiotics: be responsible

infographic -

The ability of bacteria to resist the action of an antibiotic has become a recognised global problem. Antibiotic resistance severely limits the number of antibiotics available for the treatment of diseases.

Data

Antibiotic resistance: How does antibiotic resistance spread?

infographic -

Humans and animals do not become resistant to antibiotic treatments, but the bacteria they carry can. This infographic shows how the process develops.

Ebola

HIV and AIDS

Data

Infographic: HIV late Diagnosis - 2017 data

infographic -

In the EU/EEA, almost every second HIV diagnosis happened at a late stage in 2017. This means diagnosis several years after infection.
In 2007, 49 % of those with a CD4 cell count reported at HIV diagnosis were diagnosed late (several years after infection).

Data

Infographic: HIV and AIDS in Europe 2017

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2017 - 31 Dec 2017

Europe experiences a persistent HIV epidemic, with only little changes in notifications during the last decade in the EU/EEA. One reason for this: an estimated 120 000 Europeans are living with undiagnosed HIV in the EU/EEA, which means that about 1 in 5 (15 %) of those living with HIV are not aware of their status. And it takes around three years from HIV infection to diagnosis.

Data

HIV and AIDS in Europe: Test & protect!

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2015 - 31 Dec 2015

ECDC estimates that 810 000 people are currently living with HIV in the EU/EEA – of which 122 000 (15%) do not know they are infected. Early diagnosis helps to prevent further transmission and lowers the risk of severe health complications.

Data

HIV and Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM)

infographic -
Period: 01 Dec 2013 - 01 Dec 2014

In Europe, sex between men is still the predominant mode of HIV transmission.

Data

HIV in the EU

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2013 - 01 Dec 2013

During 2013, more than 29 000 people in the European Union tested positive for HIV and many more remain undiagnosed.

Data

HIV and AIDS in Europe

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2012 - 31 Dec 2012

Since the start of reporting on the HIV epidemic, more than 455 000 HIV diagnoses have been recorded in the EU/EEA.

Measles/Rubella

Data

Measles affects all age groups

infographic -

Measles can be contracted at any age. Infants and children are often believed to be the only age groups affected by measles, but the disease also spreads among teenagers and adults, so check your vaccination status.

Data

Infographic: Protect unborn babies from rubella

infographic, toolkit material -

If a woman gets rubella shortly before getting pregnant or during the first three months of pregnancy, it is very likely to result in miscarriage or congenital anomalies known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).

Data

Infographic - Measles is a serious disease

infographic, toolkit material -

This ECDC communication toolkit aims to support EU/EEA countries in their communication initiatives to increase immunisation uptake, in particular childhood vaccination.

Data

Measles in Europe - A picture of outbreaks in the EU/EEA

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2006 - 31 Dec 2013

Measles is an acute, highly contagious disease capable of creating epidemics. It can be contracted at any age.

Data

Measles is more contagious than you think

infographic -

The infographic explains how easily measles spreads.

Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Data

How is Zika virus transmitted?

infographic, protective measures -

Zika virus is transmitted to people through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. But there are other, although rare, modes of transmission. What can be done to prevent infection?

Seasonal influenza

Data

Weekly influenza update, week 20, May 2018

data, infographic, map -
Period: 14 May 2018 - 20 May 2018

ECDC and WHO Europe monitors influenza activity in the WHO Europe region during the winter season and publishes weekly reports on the Flu News Europe website. This is the last weekly report of the influenza season 2017-18. During the summer, influenza reports will be provided on a monthly basis and published on 29 June, 3 August, 7 September and 5 October. The weekly reporting of influenza surveillance data will resume on 12 October 2018 for the 2018-19 season.

Data

Weekly influenza update, week 17, April 2018

data, graph, infographic, map -
Period: 23 Apr 2018 - 29 Apr 2018

In collaboration with WHO Regional Office for Europe, ECDC monitors and reports on influenza activity in Europe on a weekly basis throughout the flu season.

Data

Weekly influenza update, week 15, April 2018

graph, infographic -
Period: 09 Apr 2018 - 15 Apr 2018

In collaboration with WHO Regional Office for Europe, ECDC monitors and reports on influenza activity in Europe on a weekly basis throughout the flu season.

Data

Summary of the influenza 2016–2017 season in Europe

infographic -
Period: 01 Sep 2016 - 15 Apr 2017

The influenza season 2016–2017 has now come to an end in Europe. In week 17/2017, all EU/EEA countries reported low influenza activity and the positivity rate (proportion of influenza virus positives among all tested specimens) falling below the 10% benchmark to 9.9%. For the previous six weeks, almost all EU/EEA countries had reported low influenza activity.

Data

Weekly influenza update, week 13, March/April 2017

graph, infographic, map, table -
Period: 27 Mar 2017 - 02 Apr 2017

Flu News Europe, Joint ECDC–WHO weekly influenza update: In collaboration with WHO Regional Office for Europe, ECDC monitors and reports on influenza activity in Europe on a weekly basis throughout the flu season on Flu News Europe.

Data

Summary of the influenza 2015–2016 season in Europe

infographic -
Period: 01 Sep 2015 - 15 Apr 2016

The 2015-2016 influenza season has come to an end in Europe, with almost all countries now reporting low influenza activity for a number of weeks. The season started in EU/EEA countries in week 52/2015, with the Netherlands reporting regional spread, while Sweden reported widespread activity. The season lasted for 22 weeks until week 20/2016, when the positivity rate dropped to 11%. The peak of the season - with the highest proportion of specimens tested positive (53%) - occurred in week 11/2016. 

Data

Summary of the influenza 2014–2015 season in Europe

infographic -
Period: 01 Sep 2014 - 15 Apr 2015

Increased influenza activity started in week 51/2014 this season when the percentage of influenza positive laboratory tests crossed the 10% threshold. The season lasted for 21 weeks until week 19/2015, when the positivity rate dropped below 10%. The peak of the season - with the highest proportion of specimens tested positive (55%) - occurred in week 07/2015. The peak varied between countries, occurring in week 04/2015 in Bulgaria and Portugal, and between weeks 05/2015 and 08/2015 in most central European countries.

Data

Summary of the influenza 2013–2014 season in Europe

infographic -
Period: 01 Sep 2013 - 15 Apr 2014

Active circulation of influenza has started late in Europe in the 2013-2014 season, with a different timing across EU/EEA countries, states the annual ECDC risk assessment on seasonal influenza. The first countries affected have been Bulgaria, Greece, Portugal and Spain, where the A(H1)pdm09 influenza virus has dominated. Without any specific geographic pattern, influenza activity has since spread rapidly across Europe. In Bulgaria, Portugal and Spain, the season peaked in weeks 4 and 5/2014, while influenza activity still continues to increase in Greece. 

Data

Infographic: How do antivirals treat and protect against influenza?

infographic

Vaccination is the most effective form of influenza prevention. However antivirals can be useful when the vaccine is less than optimally effective especially to treat patients with severe influenza or those at high risk of the complications of influenza. The ECDC infographic explains how antivirals treat and protect against influenza. The recommendations to treat patients with severe influenza are based on the evidence from randomised controlled trials, observational studies, extrapolation from studies, and a generally benign safety profile of these medicines.

Tick-borne diseases

Data

Small bites, big problems: tick-borne diseases in Europe

infographic -

What are the different species of ticks in Europe, where are they found and what diseases can they transmit? Why does disease transmission occurs in spring and summer? What is a tick's life cycle?

Tuberculosis

Data

ECDC and WHO Regional Office for Europe Tuberculosis fact sheet 2018

infographic -

This fact sheet was created in collaboration with WHO Regional office for Europe to provide basic information on tuberculosis ahead of the United Nations High-Level Meeting on Tuberculosis 26th September 2018.

Data

Chasing the clones

infographic -

How ECDC is investigating cross-border outbreaks of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis clones.

Data

Tuberculosis situation in Europe [2015 data]

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2015 - 31 Dec 2015

This infographic shows the tuberculosis situation in Europe based on data from the 2017 surveillance report (2015 data).

Data

The burden of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2012 - 31 Dec 2012

This infographic shows the burden in the EU of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB based on data from the 2014 surveillance report

Food- and waterborne diseases

Data

Infographic: listeria infections in the EU in 2016

infographic -
Period: 01 Jan 2016 - 31 Dec 2016

Overview of listeria infections in the EU. In 2016, listeriosis continued to rise, with 2 536 cases, with most deaths occurring in the +65 age group.

Data

Salmonellosis - Just the tip of the iceberg

infographic -

Salmonella infections are among the most common food-borne infections affecting humans in the EU. However, the reported case numbers are much lower than the actual number of circulating infections.

Viral hepatitis