Prevention and Control

Even though HIV is preventable through effective public health measures, the HIV epidemic persists largely unchanged in the countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) – with around 30 000 newly reported diagnoses every year.  

ECDC estimates that around 810 000 people are currently living with HIV in the EU/EEA – of which 122 000 (15%) are not aware of their infection.

If diagnosed and treated early enough, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV. To reach the estimated 15% who are not aware of their infection, Europe needs to increase efforts to promote and facilitate more testing for HIV. And link those diagnosed to care.

Response should be strengthened and tailored to each country’s specific needs in order to control the HIV epidemic in Europe. This includes implementation of targeted, evidence-based HIV prevention programmes for key populations who are most at risk but might not be reached by (or are not responding to) current interventions like  men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and migrants from countries with generalised epidemics. 

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Peer-Reviewed Publication

Active Case Finding for Communicable Diseases in Prison Settings: Increasing Testing Coverage and Uptake among the Prison Population in the European Union/European Economic Area

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Hepatitis B/C in the countries of the EU/EEA: A systematic review of the prevalence among at-risk groups

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Quantifying unmet prevention needs among msm in europe through a multi-site bio-behavioural survey

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Key dimensions for the prevention and control of communicable diseases in institutional settings: A scoping review to guide the development of a tool to strengthen preparedness at migrant holding centres in the EU/EEA

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

People living with undiagnosed HIV infection and a low CD4 count: Estimates from surveillance data, Italy, 2012 to 2014

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Public health surveillance of multidrug-resistant clones of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Europe: a genomic survey

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Substantial heterogeneity in progress towards reaching the 90-90-90 HIV target in the WHO European Region

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

HIV in Europe and Central Asia: progress in 2018 towards meeting the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Protective measures for humans against avian influenza a(H5N8) outbreaks in 22 European Union/European economic area countries and Israel, 2016–17

2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Monitoring the HIV continuum of care in key populations across Europe and Central Asia

2018