Gonorrhoea - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2014
In 2014, 66 413 cases of gonorrhoea infection were reported by 27 EU/EEA Member States.
- In 2014, 66 413 cases of gonorrhoea infection were reported by 27 EU/EEA Member States.
- The overall notification rate was 20 cases per 100 000 population.
- Rates of reported gonorrhoea infection vary considerably across Europe, with higher rates in northern Europe.
- Men who have sex with men (MSM) account for 44% of reported gonorrhoea diagnoses in the EU/EEA, which is only slightly lower than the proportion contributed by male and female heterosexuals together (49%).
- The number of reported cases continue to increase – by 25% compared with 2013. Increases were reported in all groups, but particularly in MSM.
In 2014, the majority of countries reported data using EU case definitions. Four countries reported case numbers based on national case definitions, and five countries did not state which case definition they were using.
Surveillance systems for gonorrhoea in Europe vary: 23 countries have comprehensive surveillance systems; four have sentinel systems that only capture gonorrhoea diagnoses from a selection of clinics (Annex 1). Reporting of gonorrhoea infection is compulsory in 23 countries. Most countries operate comprehensive systems, with the exception of Hungary (compulsory notification based on a sentinel system), the United Kingdom (compulsory notification, ‘other’ surveillance system) and Belgium, France and the Netherlands (voluntary reporting, sentinel systems).
In the analyses below, data from sentinel systems are not used in the calculation of national or overall rates because the coverage is not always clear and denominators are therefore not available. In addition, cases are classified according to the date of diagnosis in all presented analyses. Due to incompatibilities in data presentation and age formats, data from the following countries and periods were excluded from all types of analyses that involve age groups (excluded periods are given in brackets): Hungary (2007–2008), Poland (2006–2014) and Romania (2006).
Figure 5. Rate of reported confirmed gonorrhoea cases per 100 000 population, EU/EEA countries reporting consistently, 2005−2014
Rate of reported confirmed gonorrhoea cases per 100 000 population, EU/EEA countries reporting consistently, 2005−2014
Figure 6. Number of reported confirmed gonorrhoea cases by gender and transmission category, EU/EEA countries reporting consistently, EU/EEA, 2009−2014
Number of reported confirmed gonorrhoea cases by gender and transmission category, EU/EEA countries reporting consistently, EU/EEA, 2009−2014