The ECDC disease specific activities are organised within horizontal disease programmes. All of the disease programmes cover all of ECDC’s core activities, such as:
- Epidemic intelligence
- Health communication
- Preparedness and response
- Public health training
- Scientific advice coordination
The general objectives are to:
- provide scientific support to Member States and the Commission in the prevention and control of infectious diseases;
- create reference points for EU/EEA countries that provides relevant expertise and information about trends in epidemiology, emerging threats and scientific advances;
- ensure appropriate communication channels between, and to all, relevant stakeholders;
- share of experience and best practices among Member States;
- improve coordination, methods and capacities for surveillance;
- contribute to training on surveillance, prevention and control;
- contribute to strengthening the EU-wide preparedness and response capabilities; and
- support and coordinate surveillance networks.
Expertise and partners
The different areas of expertise from within ECDC is complemented by essential contributions from many external experts, public health institutes, academic groups and specialised organisations in the European Union and EEA, and from further afield.
In Europe, partners include:
- the European Commission,
- the European Parliament and the Council,
- International organisations such as the WHO Regional office for Europe, and WHO in general in areas like pandemic preparedness and global surveillance where the lead is with WHO Headquarters in Geneva,
- Other EU agencies such as the European Medicines Agency (EMA),
- the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA),
- European professional societies, and
- the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER).
Furthermore, the programmes collaborate with several institutions beyond Europe, especially other national centres of disease control, including the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Public Health Agency of Canada, China CDC, and a number of international scientific bodies.
Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare-associated Infections Programme
The programme covers diseases caused by antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms in the community and in hospitals, as well as all healthcare-associated infections.
Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme
The programme covers a wide range of vector-borne and travel-related diseases.
Food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses Programme
The programme aims to support European Member States in the surveillance of food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses and in responding to multi-country outbreaks.
HIV, AIDS, STIs and viral hepatitis Programme
This programme was set up in September 2006. The programme covers chlamydia infection, gonorrhoea, syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV infection and AIDS.
Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses Programme
The Programme aims to support European bodies and Member States in the enactment of European Council Recommendations and Communications on seasonal influenza immunisation and pandemic preparedness.
The Tuberculosis Programme supports EU Member States in all aspects of tuberculosis (TB) prevention and control.