Arenavirus infection

Related diseases

Disease / public health area

Alkhurma haemorrhagic fever

Alkhurma haemorrhagic fever is a viral haemorrhagic disease reported mainly in Saudi Arabia. Transmission is through tick bites and contact with infected blood.

Disease / public health area

Anthrax

Anthrax is a zoonotic disease (could be transferred from animals to humans) caused by the spore-producing bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Reservoirs are grass-eating animals, and the spores can survive in the environment for decades. The disease is endemic in several regions of the world, including southern and eastern Europe.

Disease / public health area

Avian influenza

Animal influenza viruses that cross the animal–human divide to infect people are considered novel to humans and therefore have the potential to become pandemic threats.

Disease / public health area

Babesiosis

Babesiosis is an illness caused by a parasite, which infects and destroys the red blood cells. The disease is transmitted mainly by ticks, vector in Europe is mainly Ixodes ricinus.

Disease / public health area

Botulism

Botulism is a serious paralytic illness caused by a nerve toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The disease may occur after eating foods containing the toxin or due to development of the spores within the intestine of young children or within wounds.

Disease / public health area

Brucellosis

Brucellosis is an infection caused by Brucella bacteria. The common reservoirs for Brucella bacteria that may infect humans are cattle, dogs, sheep, goats, and pigs.

Disease / public health area

Campylobacteriosis

Campylobacteriosis is a diarrhoeal disease caused by Campylobacter bacteria, found in animals such as poultry, cattle, pigs, wild birds and wild mammals

Disease programmes and networks

European Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance Network (EuroCJD)

The network provides advanced diagnostic services for those Member States that lack diagnostic capability for transmissible encephalopathies and carries out surveillance of variant Creutzfeldt Jakob disease (vCJD) in the EU/EEA.

European Reference Laboratory Network for Human Influenza (ERLI-Net)

The ERLI-Net sub-network of reference laboratories of the European Influenza Surveillance Network carries out virological surveillance of human influenza in the EU/EEA through the EISN timely reporting mechanism and strengthening laboratory capacity for influenza virus detection, antiviral susceptibility testing and typing.

Food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses Programme

The programme aims to support European Member States in the surveillance of food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses and in responding to multi-country outbreaks.