Communicating on chikungunya prevention
Following an outbreak of chikungunya in Italy and the increasing presence of Ae. albopictus mosquitoes in Europe, ECDC prepared a chikungunya communications toolkit, with template materials containing information and advice on chikungunya prevention and controlView the toolkit
Personal preventive measures for travellers to affected areas
As no vaccine or medication is available, it is important to protect yourself from mosquito bites when staying in the affected areas in order to prevent becoming infected with the virus.View personal preventive measures
About the disease
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes to humans. The word ‘chikungunya’ means 'that which bends up', an allusion to the posture of the suffering patients. The most common symptom is joint pain.Read the factsheet
Figure 3. Seasonal distribution of reported chikungunya cases, EU/EEA, 2014 compared with 2010−2013 (minimum–maximum)
Table 1. Reported chikungunya fever cases: number and rate per 100 000 population, EU/EEA, 2010–2014
Surveillance and disease data
Most chikungunya fever cases were travel related. The number of cases increased during the summer holiday months. Latest data from the ECDC Annual epidemiological report
Prevention and control
The best protection against mosquito-borne diseases is preventing mosquito bites. Control measures include strengthening mosquito surveillance in areas in Europe at risk of importation of mosquitoes and virus transmission.
Following an outbreak of chikungunya in Italy and the increasing presence of Aedes albopictus mosquitoes in Europe, ECDC prepared a communications toolkit, with template materials with information and advice on chikungunya prevention and control.
Vectors of chikungunya: Aedes aegypti
Aedes aegypti is a known vector of several viruses including yellow fever virus, dengue virus, chikungunya virus and Zika virus.Read the factsheet
Quarterly maps on the geographical distribution of invasive mosquitoes in Europe, including Aedes aegypti, vector of chikungunyaView the mosquito maps