Louse-borne diseases

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Louse-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Louse-borne relapsing fever

Louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF) is a vector-borne disease transmitted by the body louse Pediculus humanus humanus. The disease can be severe. Currently the disease is primarily found in north-eastern Africa.

Disease / public health area

Epidemic louse-borne typhus

Louse-borne typhus is responsible for large epidemics in populations with poor sanitary and overcrowded conditions. The disease can be severe with a mortality of up to 60% without antibiotic treatment.

Disease / public health area

Bartonella quintana infection/ trench fever

Bartonella quintana infection (historically called ‘trench fever’) is a vector-borne disease primarily transmitted by the human body louse. It has been recognised as a reemerging pathogen among impoverished and homeless populations — so-called ‘urban trench fever’.

Related diseases

Disease / public health area

Mosquito-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Tick-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Sandfly-borne diseases

Disease programmes and networks

European network for sharing data on the geographic distribution of arthropod vectors, transmitting human and animal disease agents (VectorNet)

Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme

Eurosurveillance

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