Mosquito-borne diseases

Data

West Nile fever in Europe in 2018 - human and equine cases; updated 13 December

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Data

West Nile virus outbreaks among equids in the European Union, 2018 transmission season

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Data

West Nile fever in Europe in 2018 - human cases compared to previous seasons, updated 13 December

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Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 December 2018, week 50

publication -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 December 2018, week 50

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Publication

Rift Valley fever - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016

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Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 December 2018, week 49

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Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 25 November-1 December 2018, Week 48

surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: West Nile virus transmission season in Europe, 2018

epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: West Nile fever in Europe - Number of infections so far exceeds the total number in the previous five years

epidemiological update -

News

New map shows the presence of Anopheles maculipennis s.l. mosquitoes in Europe

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News

Unusual early start of the West Nile fever season and rise in cases: ECDC assessment

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Mar 2018

Event

Expert consultation meeting on West Nile virus maps

15 Mar 2018 - 16 Mar 2018
Vienna, Austria
Jul 2016

Event

​ECDC expert visit to Malta: conclusions and recommendations

3 Jul 2016 - 6 Jul 2016
Malta
Apr 2016

Event

Zika virus infection and review of surveillance and control measures

20 Apr 2016 - 21 Apr 2016
Paris, France
Feb 2016

Event

ECDC Acting Director’s Exchange of Views on 2015 activities before the ENVI Committee

23 Feb 2016
Brussels, Belgium

Data

West Nile fever in Europe in 2018 - human and equine cases; updated 13 December

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Data

West Nile virus outbreaks among equids in the European Union, 2018 transmission season

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Data

West Nile fever in Europe in 2018 - human cases compared to previous seasons, updated 13 December

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Data

West Nile fever in Europe in 2018 - equine cases; updated 13 December 2018

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Mosquito-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes to humans. The word ‘chikungunya’ means 'that which bends up', an allusion to the posture of the suffering patients. The most common symptom is joint pain.

Disease / public health area

Dengue fever

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease widely spread in tropical and subtropical regions. It is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Most of the clinical cases present a febrile illness, severe forms include hemorrhagic fevers and shock with fatalities.

Disease / public health area

Japanese encephalitis

The Japanese encephalitis virus is present in Asia, from Japan to India and Pakistan, and outbreaks are erratic and spatially and temporally limited phenomena, occurring quite unpredictably, even if all conditions appear to be present in a definite place. It is a leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia, with 30-50,000 cases reported annually. Most human infections are asymptomatic. On average, one person in 200 infected develops a severe neuroinvasive illness. The case fatality rate in patients with severe disease is 20- 30% 

Disease / public health area

Malaria

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. During the 20th century, malaria was eradicated from many temperate areas, including the whole of the EU, and is now limited to tropical countries. Due to the large number of imported cases in Europe, malaria is mainly a travel medicine issue.

Disease / public health area

Rift Valley fever

Rift Valley fever is an acute viral febrile haemorrhagic disease that affects primarily ruminants in Africa and in the Arabian Peninsula: cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and camels. Humans may become infected by mosquito bites and through direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals.

Disease / public health area

Sindbis fever

Sindbis virus is widely and continuously found in insects, such as Culex mosquitoes, in Eurasia, Africa, and Oceania. However, clinical infection in humans has almost exclusively been reported in northern Europe where it is endemic and where large outbreaks occur intermittently.

Disease / public health area

West Nile fever

Most human infections are asymptomatic and the majority of clinical cases are mild and present with flu-like symptoms. In more severe cases there may be signs of encephalitis, meningo-encephalitis or meningitis.

Disease / public health area

Yellow fever

Yellow fever (YF) cause a wide spectrum of symptoms, from mild to fatal. In severe cases there may be spontaneous haemorrhage. Mortality of these clinical cases can be as high as 80%, on a par with Ebola, Marburg and other haemorrhagic viral infections.

Disease / public health area

Zika virus infection

Zika virus disease is a mosquito-borne disease caused by Zika virus. Most infections are either asymptomatic or cause a mild illness. However, there is now a strong consensus in the scientific community about the link between Zika infection and congenital malformations, as well as developing Guillain–Barré (GBS) syndrome.

Related diseases

Disease / public health area

Tick-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Sandfly-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Louse-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Disease vectors

Disease programmes and networks

Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme

European network for sharing data on the geographic distribution of arthropod vectors, transmitting human and animal disease agents (VectorNet)

Peer-reviewed publications

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Modelling the effects of global climate change on Chikungunya transmission in the 21 st century

2017

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Targeting of blood safety measures to affected areas with ongoing local transmission of malaria

2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Assessing Seasonal Risks for the Introduction and Mosquito-borne Spread of Zika Virus in Europe

2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Public health structures attendance during the Ebola outbreak in Guéckédou, Guinea

2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Chikungunya: Its History in Africa and Asia and Its Spread to New Regions in 2013-2014

2016