Mosquito-borne diseases

Data

Yellow fever distribution and areas of risk in Brazil, as of 25 May 2018

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Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 May 2018, week 21

publication -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 May 2018, Week 20

publication -

News

Epidemiological update - dengue in Réunion

epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 May 2018, week 21

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Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 May 2018, Week 20

publication -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 29 April - 5 May 2018, Week 18

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Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Hospital-acquired malaria infections in the European Union

risk assessment -

News

Epidemiological update - dengue in Réunion

epidemiological update -

News

Hospital professionals should strictly follow standard precautions to avoid rare, but possible hospital-acquired malaria

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News

Epidemiological update: West Nile virus transmission season in Europe, 2017

epidemiological update -

News

Yellow fever transmission could affect urban areas in Brazil, increasing the risk to travellers, especially during Carnival

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Jul 2016

Event

​ECDC expert visit to Malta: conclusions and recommendations

3 Jul 2016 - 6 Jul 2016
Malta

News

Mission to review the current situation of yellow fever in Angola

outbreak mission, news -
Apr 2016

Event

Zika virus infection and review of surveillance and control measures

20 Apr 2016 - 21 Apr 2016
Paris, France
Feb 2016

Event

ECDC Acting Director’s Exchange of Views on 2015 activities before the ENVI Committee

23 Feb 2016
Brussels, Belgium

Data

Yellow fever distribution and areas of risk in Brazil, as of 25 May 2018

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Data

Yellow fever distribution and areas of risk in Brazil, as of 13 March 2018

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Data

Yellow fever distribution and areas of risk in Brazil, as of 28 February 2018

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Data

Table. Transmission of West Nile fever, May to November 2017 - Table of cases, 2017

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Mosquito-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes to humans. The word ‘chikungunya’ means 'that which bends up', an allusion to the posture of the suffering patients. The most common symptom is joint pain.

Disease / public health area

Dengue fever

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease widely spread in tropical and subtropical regions. It is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Most of the clinical cases present a febrile illness, severe forms include hemorrhagic fevers and shock with fatalities.

Disease / public health area

Japanese encephalitis

The Japanese encephalitis virus is present in Asia, from Japan to India and Pakistan, and outbreaks are erratic and spatially and temporally limited phenomena, occurring quite unpredictably, even if all conditions appear to be present in a definite place. It is a leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia, with 30-50,000 cases reported annually. Most human infections are asymptomatic. On average, one person in 200 infected develops a severe neuroinvasive illness. The case fatality rate in patients with severe disease is 20- 30% 

Disease / public health area

Malaria

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. During the 20th century, malaria was eradicated from many temperate areas, including the whole of the EU, and is now limited to tropical countries. Due to the large number of imported cases in Europe, malaria is mainly a travel medicine issue.

Disease / public health area

Rift Valley fever

Rift Valley fever is an acute viral febrile haemorrhagic disease that affects primarily ruminants in Africa and in the Arabian Peninsula: cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and camels. Humans may become infected by mosquito bites and through direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals.

Disease / public health area

Sindbis fever

Sindbis virus is widely and continuously found in insects, such as Culex mosquitoes, in Eurasia, Africa, and Oceania. However, clinical infection in humans has almost exclusively been reported in northern Europe where it is endemic and where large outbreaks occur intermittently.

Disease / public health area

West Nile fever

Most human infections are asymptomatic and the majority of clinical cases are mild and present with flu-like symptoms. In more severe cases there may be signs of encephalitis, meningo-encephalitis or meningitis.

Disease / public health area

Yellow fever

Yellow fever (YF) cause a wide spectrum of symptoms, from mild to fatal. In severe cases there may be spontaneous haemorrhage. Mortality of these clinical cases can be as high as 80%, on a par with Ebola, Marburg and other haemorrhagic viral infections.

Disease / public health area

Zika virus infection

Zika virus disease is a mosquito-borne disease caused by Zika virus. Most infections are either asymptomatic or cause a mild illness. However, there is now a strong consensus in the scientific community about the link between Zika infection and congenital malformations, as well as developing Guillain–Barré (GBS) syndrome.

Related diseases

Disease / public health area

Tick-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Sandfly-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Louse-borne diseases

Disease / public health area

Disease vectors

Disease programmes and networks

Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases Programme

European network for sharing data on the geographic distribution of arthropod vectors, transmitting human and animal disease agents (VectorNet)

Eurosurveillance

11 June 2015 - Zika virus infection in a traveller returning to Europe from Brazil, March 2015
24 April 2014 - West Nile virus surveillance in mosquitoes, April to October 2013, Vojvodina province, Serbia: implications for the 2014 season