Threats and outbreaks of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Since the disease was first identified in Saudi Arabia in September 2012, approximately 2 000 MERS-CoV cases have been detected in over 20 countries. In Europe, some countries have reported confirmed cases, all with direct or indirect connection with the Middle East. The majority of MERS-CoV cases continue to be reported from the Middle East. The source of the virus remains unknown, but the pattern of transmission and virological studies point towards dromedary camels in the Middle East as being a reservoir from which humans sporadically become infected through zoonotic transmission. Human-to-human transmission is amplified among household contacts and in healthcare settings.

Latest updates

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Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 December 2018, week 49

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Communicable disease threats report, 4-10 November 2018, Week 45

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Communicable disease threats report, 30 September-6 October 2018, week 40

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Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 September 2018, week 36

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Communicable disease threats report, 26 August-1 September 2018, week 35

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 1 September 2015

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 18 August 2015

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 21 July 2015

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

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Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 22nd update

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the Hajj 2017, Saudi Arabia, 30 August – 4 September 2017

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Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus - 21st update, 21 October 2015

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​Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). 20th update, 27 August 2015

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Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). 19th update, 31 July 2015

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