ECDC policy briefing - Preparing for Zika in the EU
This document highlights preparedness measures that should be in place to minimise the risk of Zika virus spreading in continental Europe, primarily to protect pregnant women and women who wish to become pregnant, considering the evidence of the association between Zika virus and congenital malformations of the brain of the developing foetus.
The document was revised on 23 June 2016 and supersedes the version published on 17 June.
The design files for the English version are available here so that the document can be adapted for use at national level. The design files for the other language versions are available on request.
To assist policymakers in preparing for possible local transmission of Zika in the EU, ECDC has produced a policy briefing which highlights preparedness measures to minimise the risk of Zika virus spreading in continental Europe.
This is primarily to protect pregnant women and women who wish to become pregnant, considering the evidence of the association between Zika virus and congenital malformations of the brain of the developing foetus.
Locally acquired cases of Zika virus infection are possible in the EU this summer in countries which have a large Aedes albopictus mosquito population (a mosquito capable of transmitting Zika), and where the ecological and climatic factors favour transmission. In the Autonomous Region of Madeira (Portugal), there is a higher probability of locally acquired cases of Zika than in continental Europe as the main mosquito capable of transmitting Zika, Aedes aegypti, is present there.
Imported cases of Zika virus are already being seen in Europe as well as sexual transmission of Zika through travellers returning from affected areas, and this can be expected to continue given the high number of people travelling between the most affected regions and Europe.
Failure to adequately prepare for Zika in the EU could lead to the disease spreading more widely, resulting in greater costs for mosquito control and care for affected people, and greater concern among the general public. The briefing suggests policymakers focus on operational plans for response measures, including the capability to detect and diagnose cases early and perform surveillance, and the provision of adequate resources to sustain enhanced mosquito control.
Best practice recommendations for conducting after-action reviews to enhance public health preparedness
5 Dec 2018 - This report identifies the common features of AARs, develops a validity assessment tool for appraising AARs, and proposes a set of best practice recommendations.
Synergies in community and institutional public health emergency preparedness for tick-borne diseases in Spain
23 Aug 2018 - The present report is concerned with the events in Spain surrounding two cases of infection with Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) virus that emerged in the Autonomous Community of Castilla y León in August 2016.
Synergies in community and institutional public health emergency preparedness for tick-borne diseases in the Netherlands
23 Aug 2018 - The present report is concerned with the emerging infection of tick-borne encephalitis in the Netherlands — the two first endemic cases occurring in July 2016 — in the larger context of a widespread and increasing incidence of lyme borreliosis.