Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, December 2018
This monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for the period 1 November 2017 to 31 October 2018.
Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for October 2018, with 279 cases reported by 15 countries and 14 countries reporting no cases. Latvia did not report measles data for October 2018 (Figure 1).
Overall, case numbers changed little compared with the previous month. Italy, France and Romania had the highest case counts with 75, 68 and 54 cases respectively (Table 1).
The largest decreases were reported in Slovakia and Germany.
- Slovakia reported 16 cases in October, compared with 28 in September and 87 cases in August.
- Germany reported 13 cases in October, compared with 25 in September and 29 cases in August
The largest increases were reported in France and Italy.
- France reported 68 cases in October, compared with 37 in September and 29 cases in August.
- Italy reported 75 cases in October, compared with 49 in September and 69 cases in August.
Where available, links to recent updates published by national public health authorities in the EU/EEA can
Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease capable of causing epidemics. Infectivity is close to 100% in susceptible individuals and in the pre-vaccine era measles would affect nearly every individual during childhood.Read more
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.Read more