Poliomyelitis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2015

surveillance report
Publication series: Annual Epidemiological Report on Communicable Diseases in Europe
Time period covered: This report is based on 2015 data retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) on 26 October 2016
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European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Poliomyelitis. In: ECDC. Annual epidemiological report for 2015. Stockholm: ECDC; 2017

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The most recent polio outbreaks in what today constitutes the EU/EEA were in 2001 (three polio cases among Roma children in Bulgaria) and in 1992 (outbreak in the Netherlands in a religious community opposed to vaccination). Inactivated poliovirus vaccines are used in all EU/EEA countries. Wild-type polioviruses can cause natural disease, while live attenuated polio vaccine viruses may cause vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP), although the risk is very low.