Risk assessment: Increased Cryptosporidium infections in the Netherlands, United Kingdom and Germany in 2012
An increase in cryptosporidiosis notifications has been observed in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany since August 2012 that is likely to be real, and not due to surveillance or notification artefacts.
The overall threat for the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) is considered to be low. EU/EEA Member States should be alert to an increase in cases as observed in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany, particularly in relation to immunocompromised and other at-risk groups as they may present with a more severe manifestation of cryptosporidiosis.
An increase in cryptosporidiosis notifications has been observed by the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany in late summer-autumn 2012. To date, no other countries have reported an unusual increase in reported number of cryptosporidiosis cases.
In response to the increase in notifications, ECDC developed a rapid risk assessment. It concludes that the overall threat for the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) is considered to be low. However, Member States should be alert to an increase in cryptosporidiosis cases, particularly in relation to immunocompromised and other at risk groups.
The available information from the investigations in the affected countries indicates that there is a not a single, common source, but rather suggest a combination of several causes. These may include climatic drivers, such as the increased rainfall in the summer of 2012 in these countries. Laboratory and epidemiological investigations are ongoing to explore the cause(s) of this increase.
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo – fifth update
19 Jul 2019 - This is the fifth update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 9 August 2018. This rapid risk assessment addresses the potential public health impact of Ebola virus disease for EU/EEA countries and assesses the likelihood of international expansion.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
2 Jul 2019 - In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
Rapid risk assessment: Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France, and associated risk of autochthonous outbreak in the EU/EEA
18 Jun 2019 - This update of the risk assessment ‘Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France’ published on 5 July 2018, has been triggered by the significant size of the outbreak and its expected duration, which is anticipated to overlap with high vector activity in the southern EU.