Zoonotic influenza - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2015
ECDC’s annual surveillance reports provide a wealth of epidemiological data to support decision-making at the national level. They are mainly intended for public health professionals and policymakers involved in disease prevention and control programmes.
No human cases of avian influenza were reported in the EU/EEA. In 2015, several outbreaks and detections in poultry and wild birds of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses such as A(H5N1), A(H5N2), A(H5N3) or A(H5N8) were reported worldwide. Influenza viruses A(H1N1)v, A(H1N2)v, and A(H3N2)v of swine origin caused seven human infections in Brazil and the United States.
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See all updates on avian influenza
More about the disease
Avian influenza in humans
Animal influenza viruses that cross the animal–human divide to infect people are considered novel to humans and therefore have the potential to become pandemic threats.Read more
Avian influenza overview: Latest situation update of the avian influenza situation in EU/EEA
The “Avian influenza overview” report is published quarterly and provide an update of the developments of avian influenza viruses in EU/EEA and worldwide, in particular with a view to describe the evolution of virus spread from certain regions towards the EU. In case of significant changes in the epidemiology of avian influenza, these reports could be needed more frequently.
The report is published jointly by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Union Reference Laboratory for Avian influenza (EURL). Avian influenza is an infectious viral disease in birds, including domestic poultry. Avian influenza is mainly found in birds, but under certain circumstances infections can also occur in humans even though the risk is generally very low.
Risk assessments on avian influenza viruses
Rapid risk/outbreaks assessment aim at supporting the countries and the European Commission in their preparedness and response to a public health threat. They provide a timely summary and risk assessment of a public health threat for EU/EEA countries related to a specific event. They also include potential options for response. As outbreaks or public health events develop, ECDC may issue updated risk assessments.Read more
Epidemiological updates on avian influenza viruses
Situation updates on a currently evolving outbreak or a public health threat. The epidemiological updates typically contain a description of case numbers, temporal and geographic distribution, as well as age and sex distribution. It can also include information on the identified or potential risk factors and assessments.Read more
Communicable disease threats reports on avian influenza viruses
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats.Read more
Facts about avian influenza in humans
Avian influenza, or bird flu, is a common term used to refer to the many types of influenza viruses that usually exclusively infect birds. Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses that infect the respiratory tract of pigs and result in a barking cough, decreased appetite, nasal secretions, and listless behavior; the virus can be transmitted to humans.Read more