Influenza vaccination coverage

In 2003 the decision-making body of WHO, the World Health Assembly, urged EU/EEA Member States to increase influenza vaccination coverage of all people at high risk and to attain a coverage of ≥75% among older people and persons with chronic illnesses by 2010. This motion was reaffirmed by a European Parliament declaration in 2005, calling on Member States to increase influenza vaccination in accordance with the WHO’s 2010 goal, and extended in a 2009 European Council recommendation to reach 75% vaccination coverage in older age groups by 2015.

Vaccination coverage rates in the EU/EEA

ECDC is via the network VENICE (Vaccine European new Integrated Collaboration Effort) collecting, sharing and disseminating information on national immunization programmes and provides guidance for improving the overall performance of the immunisation systems in EU/EEA Member States.

The latest data on vaccination coverage by country in the EU/EEA of different risk- and target groups are available in the report  "Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for eight influenza seasons (2007–2008 to 2014–2015)". 

See all reports:

Year Publication Title Link
2017 ECDC publication Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for eight influenza seasons (2007–2008 to 2014–2015) Read report
2016 ECDC publication Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for 2013-14 and 2014-15 Read report
2015 ECDC publicatio Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for 2012–13 Read report

 

Vaccination coverage rates in the European region

A study, published in December 2017, has assessed the progress towards the vaccination goals. The results of this first comprehensive overview of seasonal influenza vaccine coverage in the European Region between 2008–09 and 2014–15 shows that influenza vaccination coverage among high-risk groups has dropped in the European Region over the last seven years, with half of the countries reporting a decreasing number of vaccine doses available.

See all articles:

Year Paper Author Title  Link
2018 Vaccine, 36 (4) Jorgensen et al. How close are countries of the WHO European Region to achieving the goal of vaccinating 75% of key risk groups against influenza? Results from national surveys on seasonal influenza vaccination programmes, 2008/2009 to 2014/2015 Read article
2014 Euro Surveill. 24;19(16):20780. Mereckiene et al Seasonal influenza immunisation in Europe. Overview of recommendations and vaccination coverage for three seasons: pre-pandemic (2008/09), pandemic (2009/10) and post-pandemic (2010/11) Read article
2013 Vaccine, 31 (38) Jorgensen et al.

Unequal access to vaccines in the WHO European Region during the A(H1N1) influenza pandemic in 2009

Read article 
2012 Vaccine, 30 (35)  Kanitz et al Variation in adult vaccination policies across Europe: An overview from VENICE network on vaccine recommendations, funding and coverage Read article
2012 Euro Surveill. 17 (4)  Mereckiene et al

Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination policies and coverage in Europe

Read article
2010 Euro Surveill. 15 (44)   Mereckiene et al Differences in national influenza vaccination policies across the European Union, Norway and Iceland 2008-2009 Read article

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About seasonal influenza prevention

Seasonal influenza causes 4 -50 million symptomatic cases in EU/EEA each year, and 15 000 – 70 000 European citizens die every year of causes associated with influenza. These figures indicate the high burden of influenza and its increasing social and economic costs to the world and highlight the importance of influenza prevention for seasonal epidemics.

Annual influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza. ECDC continues to emphasise that all Europeans who are recommended to have the influenza vaccine should get vaccinated. Vaccination is especially important for people at higher risk of serious influenza complications: Individuals with specific chronic medical conditions, pregnant women, children aged 6-59 months, the elderly and healthcare workers.

All updates on influenza vaccination coverage

News

Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardise capacity to protect people in next pandemic

press release -

Event

E-learning course: Influenza vaccination among health care workers - assess and communicate to improve uptake

1 Jan 2018 - 31 Dec 2019

Publication

Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for eight influenza seasons (2007–2008 to 2014–2015)

technical report -

Event

Workshop: Influenza vaccination campaigns of healthcare workers

6 Oct 2016 - 7 Oct 2016
ECDC, Visiting address: Tomtebodavägen 11A, 171 65 Solna, Sweden. The meeting will be held in the ECDC main building in room 335.

Publication

Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for 2013-14 and 2014-15

technical report -