Malaria: Diagnosis, prophylaxis, treatment
Malaria is one of the major world public health problems, causing 350-500 million infections worldwide and approximately 1 million deaths annually. It occurs in large areas of Central and South America, Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and the South Pacific.Read factsheet
The 'Malaria mosquitoes'
Only certain species of Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria and only the females of those species.View factsheets on Anopheles mosquitoes
Epidemiological update - indigenous Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases in the Apulia region, Italy
Figure 3. Seasonal distribution of confirmed malaria cases, EU/EEA, 2014 compared with 2010−2013
Surveillance and disease data
Most reported malaria cases in EU were travel related. Five cases were reported as locally acquired: two in France and three in Spain. The latest data on reported cases in EU is available in the 2016 Annual epidemiological report.
Prevention and control
Prevention of malaria is based on two complementary methods: chemoprophylaxis and protection against mosquito bites. While several malaria vaccines are under development, none is available yet.