Anopheles maculipennis s.l. in Europe
New map shows the presence of Anopheles maculipennis s.l. mosquitoes in Europe. The complex was responsible for most of the malaria transmission in EU countries. Malaria was endemic in the EU until the 1970s.Find out more
Malaria: Diagnosis, prophylaxis, treatment
Malaria is one of the major world public health problems, causing 350-500 million infections worldwide and approximately 1 million deaths annually. It occurs in large areas of Central and South America, Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and the South Pacific.Read factsheet
The 'Malaria mosquitoes'
Only certain species of Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria and only the females of those species.View factsheets on Anopheles mosquitoes
Hospital professionals should strictly follow standard precautions to avoid rare, but possible hospital-acquired malaria
Surveillance and disease data
Most reported malaria cases in EU were travel related. Five cases were reported as locally acquired: two in France and three in Spain. The latest data on reported cases in EU is available in the 2016 Annual epidemiological report.
Prevention and control
Prevention of malaria is based on two complementary methods: chemoprophylaxis and protection against mosquito bites. While several malaria vaccines are under development, none is available yet.