Rift Valley fever
About Rift Valley fever
Rift Valley fever is an acute viral febrile haemorrhagic disease that affects primarily ruminants in Africa and in the Arabian Peninsula: cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and camels. Humans may become infected by mosquito bites and through direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals.Read factsheet
Threats and outbreaks
ECDC risk assessments and threats updates related to Rift Valley fever outbreaks
Surveillance and disease data
Between 2010 and 2014, three travel-related cases were reported in the EU. There were no cases reported in 2014. Latest epidemiological data from the Annual epidemiological report.
Prevention and control
Vaccination of ruminants is the favoured method of preventing human disease. The inactivated RVF vaccine provides a lower level of protection. Other measures are a ban on slaughtering ruminants and avoiding mosquito bites.