Dengue fever - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2014
A total of 1 796 cases of dengue fever were reported in TESSy in 2014; 1 510 of these cases were confirmed.
• A total of 1 796 cases of dengue fever were reported in TESSy in 2014; 1 510 of these cases were confirmed.
• Notification rate in 2014 was 0.42 cases per 100 000 population.
• Almost all cases were travel related, four cases were locally acquired; for 76 cases, the place of infection was unknown.
• The number of cases was lower compared with 2013, but still higher than in the previous years.
• The highest rates were reported in men 25–44 years of age and in women 15–24 and 25–44 years of age.
• The number of cases increased during the summer holidays, most probably reflecting travel habits of EU populations in summer.
• 25 EU/EEA countries reported data on dengue fever. Five of these countries reported zero cases (Czech Republic, Iceland, Luxembourg, Malta and Slovakia). No data were reported by Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Liechtenstein, Portugal and Spain.
• Data for dengue reported within the EU/EEA are very heterogeneous as no specific case definition is available. Sixteen countries referred to the EU generic case definition for viral haemorrhagic fevers, three countries did not specify which case definition was used (Belgium, France and Germany), and five countries used other case definitions (Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom).
• All reporting countries except the Netherlands have a comprehensive surveillance system. Reporting is compulsory in 23 countries and voluntary in two (Belgium and the United Kingdom). Surveillance is mostly passive except in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and the United Kingdom, where active systems are in place (Annex 1). Data reporting is case based (except in Croatia) and coverage is national (except in the Netherlands).