Ebola and Marburg fevers- Annual Epidemiological Report for 2014
Eight confirmed cases of Ebola viral haemorrhagic fever infections were reported in EU/EEA countries in 2014. No cases of Marburg haemorrhagic fever were reported.
- Eight confirmed cases of Ebola viral haemorrhagic fever infections were reported in EU/EEA countries in 2014. No cases of Marburg haemorrhagic fever were reported.
- 2014 was the first year that Ebola viral haemorrhagic fever infections were notified in TESSy, prompted by an outbreak in West Africa.
- Seven cases were travel related, one case was locally acquired in Spain. Three of these patients died.
- Surveillance of Ebola was mainly conducted through epidemic intelligence activities, including the collection of extensive information on infected EU citizens.
- This report is based on information reported to TESSy and additional information available from epidemic intelligence.
- 26 EU/EEA countries reported data to TESSy in 2014.
- 18 countries use the EU case definition, four countries (the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom) used different case definitions, and Belgium, Cyprus, Finland and France did not specify the case definition they used.
- Reporting is compulsory in 24 countries, on a voluntary basis in the United Kingdom, and ‘not specified’ in Cyprus. Surveillance is comprehensive (‘not specified’ in Cyprus) and mostly passive (22 countries, except for the Czech Republic, Slovakia and the United Kingdom; ‘not specified’ in Cyprus) (Annex 1). Reporting is case based and done at the national level.