Rabies - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
For 2016, no cases of rabies were reported in EU/EEA countries.
Human rabies is a rare vaccine-preventable zoonosis in Europe, but the disease is fatal in infected humans once the first clinical symptoms have appeared. It remains important to inform the public about the risk of contracting rabies if bitten by animals (especially dogs) while travelling in Member States that have not eradicated the disease in their animal population or to countries where rabies is endemic. Preventive measures include vaccination of domestic carnivores and oral vaccination of wildlife.
See all Annual Epidemiological Reports for 2016
Rabies is a disease caused by rabies virus (a Lyssavirus). Classic rabies is a zoonosis (infection that could spread from animals to humans), and most animals are susceptible to it. The main reservoir is wild and domestic canids (dogs, wolves, foxes, coyotes, dingoes, jackals). Six other Lyssaviruses are now recognised, whose potential of giving disease in humans is variable, and for which bats are the reservoir. Of these, two are present in Europe (European bat lyssavirus 1 and 2).Read more
Annual Epidemiological Reports (AERs)
The Annual Epidemiological Reports (AERs) are key ECDC publication on the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe. These reports give overviews of the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe, drawn from surveillance information on the 52 communicable diseases and health issues for which surveillance is mandatory in the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries.Read more
Diseases and special health issues under EU surveillance
ECDC collects, analyses and disseminates surveillance data on 52 communicable diseases and related special health issues from all 28 European Union Member States and two of the three remaining European Economic Area (EEA) countries (Iceland and Norway).Read more