Rapid risk assessment update: Hepatitis A outbreaks in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men - 1st update, 24 February 2017
This rapid risk assessment is an update of a previous assessment on the ongoing transmission of hepatitis A virus infection mainly affecting men who have sex with men in EU/EEA countries.
Between February 2016 and February 2017, three clusters involving 287 confirmed cases of hepatitis A (HAV) have been reported across 13 EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Each of the three clusters involve cases across seven to ten EU Member States. As reporting of cases is limited to those attending healthcare facilities and for those cases for which sequencing was performed, the actual numbers are likely to be higher than what has been reported so far.
Most of the notified cases were among men who have sex with men (MSM) who had not been vaccinated against HAV. In addition, nine cases were identified among women. Sexual transmission is considered to be the main transmission mode in the three identified clusters. Further transmission resulting from these clusters may be prevented by vaccination of MSM and post-exposure prophylaxis among identified contacts and household members.
The ECDC guidance for HIV and STI prevention among men who have sex with men encourages Member States to offer and promote vaccination of MSM against hepatitis A. Information on vaccine availability should be included in health promotion programmes targeting MSM, particularly at sex venues.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
2 Jul 2019 - In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
Rapid risk assessment: Multi-country outbreak of hepatitis A virus genotype IA infections affecting EU countries in 2018
21 May 2018 - After the EPIS FWD notification of a cluster of hepatitis A cases infected with two distinct strains in several EU/EEA countries, this risk assessment presents the early findings of this multi-country hepatitis A outbreak and sets out initial options for response.
Rapid risk assessment: Hepatitis A outbreak in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men, 3rd update, 28 June 2017
29 Jun 2017 - Third update of a previous assessment on the ongoing transmission of hepatitis A virus infection mainly affecting men who have sex with men in EU/EEA countries.