Systematic literature review to examine the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions that use theories and models of behaviour change: towards the prevention and control of communicable diseases
This systematic literature review assessed the effectiveness of interventions using theories and models of behaviour change to prevent or control communicable diseases relevant to Europe. The review was commissioned by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and conducted by the Institute for Social Marketing of the University of Stirling and the Open University.
There is a substantial body of published work evaluating health interventions using behaviour change theories and models. The review published today provides a unique, systematic overview of the available literature on such interventions and their effectiveness for prevention and control of communicable diseases.
The report presents a detailed mapping of the targets of interventions – diseases and disease groups, populations, types of behaviour for change – and links those to the behaviour change theories and models used. This includes also an overview of the communication channels and activities used by the interventions, as well as the settings in which the interventions took place.
The review also sought to examine the evidence of effectiveness for relevant interventions and programmes based on theories and models of behaviour change. Though it was not possible to identify associations that linked specific theories of behaviour change to intervention outcomes, the report presents a detailed overview of interventions, their target groups, theories and models used and outcomes.
The authors recommend an initiative to collect good-practice case studies for the future that would complement the research evidence and to promote shared learning. The analysis and findings are intended to provide a current status report on the evidence and gaps in order to inform good practice, policy, strategies and future research.
The use of evidence in decision making during public health emergencies
26 Jul 2019 - This report is based upon a workshop (expert consultation) on 5–6 December 2018. The workshop sought to identify and address the links between scientific evidence and decision-making in public health emergencies, and to address the key challenges faced by public health experts when advising decision makers.
Syphilis and congenital syphilis in Europe - A review of epidemiological trends (2007–2018) and options for response
12 Jul 2019 - Since 2010, syphilis notification rates in the EU/EAA have been on the increase, but in recent years this trend seems to accelerate, predominantly among men having sex with men. Similar trends have been observed in high-income countries outside the EU/EAA. While the overall trend remained relatively stable, outbreaks or clusters of syphilis cases have also been reported among heterosexual populations in the EU/EEA. In several high-income countries (e.g. USA, Japan), increases in congenital syphilis occurred in connection with increases in syphilis notifications among women.
Collection and analysis of whole genome sequencing data from food-borne pathogens and other relevant microorganisms isolated from human, animal, food, feed and food/feed environmental samples in the joint ECDC–EFSA molecular typing database
29 May 2019 - This report identifies and compares potential platforms/solutions for the set-up and running of a joint ECDC–EFSA database to collect and analyse whole genome sequencing (WGS) data for Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella and Escherichia coli. In particular, WGS introduces the need for specific components for storage and analysis of these data.