Prevention and control measures for TBE

protective measures

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) prevention

There are effective and safe vaccines against the TBE virus, and immunisation is recommended for people who live in TBE risk areas or who frequently visit forests and grasslands in TBE risk areas.  

People who plan to visit TBE risk areas in Europe and Russia should consult their local doctor or immunisation services for advice about TBE immunisation.

Infected dairy animals can shed the TBE virus in their milk and there are documented cases of TBE transmission through infected milk, which is one reason why one should not consume unpasteurised milk or dairy products in TBE risk areas.

How to prevent TBE?


Factsheet on tick-borne encephalitis, for healthcare professionals

toolkit material, factsheet -


Information sheet on ​tick-borne encephalitis for the general public living in endemic areas

toolkit material, factsheet -


Leaflet on ​tick-borne encephalitis for the general public living in endemic areas ​

brochure, toolkit material -

How to prevent tick bites?

Personal protective measures against tick bites

The risk of tick-borne infections is reduced by avoiding tick bites and removing ticks from the body. Ticks live on the ground and climb 20 to 70 cm onto grasses and bushes where they find hosts with the help of temperature-sensitive cells. The bite is painless, and often you will not sense a tick moving on your skin.