Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in urine. A review of the literatureArchived
HPV DNA detection in urine is a feasible practice and a useful tool in future research; however, the available studies dealing on the topic appear too diverse in their setup and applied methodology to draw conclusive statements. The standards used for HPV DNA detection in cervical smears may not lead to satisfactory results when applied to urine, and there is need to improve and standardise urine sampling methods, storage conditions, sample preparation, DNA extraction, and DNA amplification.
Vorsters A, Micalessi I, Bilcke J, Ieven M, Bogers J, Van Damme P. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 May;31(5):627-40. Epub 2011 Aug 5.
Extensively drug-resistant gonorrhoea: risk of further dissemination within and across Europe
1 Apr 2019 - ECDC comment on the study 'Detection in the United Kingdom of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae FC428 clone, with ceftriaxone resistance and intermediate resistance to azithromycin, October to December 2018' by Eyre et al. in the Eurosurveillance edition of 7 March 2019.
Conclusions of the twentieth IHR Emergency Committee do not change the ECDC risk assessment for Europe concerning polio
11 Mar 2019 - Statement of the twentieth IHR Emergency Committee Regarding the International Spread of Poliovirus, 1 March 2019
WHO recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2019–2020 northern hemisphere season
1 Mar 2019 - On 18–20 February 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) agreed on the recommended composition of the quadrivalent influenza vaccine for the northern hemisphere 2019–2020 influenza season: an A/Brisbane/02/2018 (H1N1)pdm09-like virus, an A(H3N2) virus component to be announced on 21 March 2019, a B/Colorado/06/2017-like virus (B/Victoria/2/87 lineage) and a B/Phuket/3073/2013-like virus (B/Yamagata/16/88 lineage).