Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 September 2018, week 36

Publication
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 31 Aug - 7 September 2018

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 2-8 September 2018 and includes updates on poliomyelitis, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), influenza A(H5N6), listeriosis, West Nile virus, Ebola virus disease and cholera.

Executive summary

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. This issue covers the period 31 August–6 September 2014 and includes updates on:  Ebola virus disease – West Africa
An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has been ongoing in West Africa since December 2013, affecting Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. The overall situation of the Ebola outbreak in the affected countries remains critical. As of 31 August 2014, 3 707 cases including 1 848 deaths have been reported from the affected countries. Two-hundred and fifty-seven of the cases occurred in healthcare workers including 140 of the deaths. ECDC published a rapid risk assessment on 4 September 2014

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of Congo
On 24 August 2014, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) was declared in the Boende health zone of Equateur province in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This outbreak is the seventh outbreak of EVD occurring in the country. During the past week, 30 new cases and 35 deaths were reported from the affected area. Seven of the cases, including six deaths, are healthcare workers.

Dengue fever
On 27 August 2014, the Japanese Ministry of Health reported the first locally-acquired case of dengue fever in the country in nearly 70 years. As of 5 September, 66 autochthonous cases of dengue fever have been reported in Japan. None of the cases have recent overseas travel history and all cases visited Yoyogi Park, in Tokyo, in August.

Monophasic Salmonella typhimurium MLVA clusters
Two related clusters of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium were detected through the European Surveillance System moleculartyping surveillance system in August. Thirty-eight cases with this previously unseen and closely related MLVA pattern were detected in six countries for the first time in 2014. ECDC published a rapid outbreak assessment on 5 September 2014

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